Human perceptions and practices related to the squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) in a forest area of Pernambuco, Brazil

Authors

  • Dimas Maranhão de Lima Departamento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Juliana Ribeiro de Albuquerque Departamento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2430-3036
  • Maria Adélia Borstelmann de Oliveira Departamento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6606-8740

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29327/multiscience.2022009

Keywords:

ethnoprimatology, Cebidae, exotic species, conservation unit, one health

Abstract

In the 1980s, squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) apprehended during an operation to combat animal trafficking in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil, were released into the Atlantic Forest of the Reserva Biológica de Saltinho (REBio Saltinho). As this is an exotic species, which is rapidly disseminated throughout the area, it is necessary to understand the perceptions and attitudes of the reserve residents, workers, and visitors in order to identify potential interactions, conflicts and social factors that may influence the relationship between people and monkeys. Thus, between April and October 2019, three human groups answered semi-structured questionnaires about their perceptions of the squirrel monkey and their attitudes towards primates. Altogether, 70 people were interviewed, of which 94.3% claimed to know of the squirrel monkey. While residents of the surrounding areas of REBio Saltinho described the squirrel monkey using mainly morphological and behavioral characteristics (65%), workers and visitors related their descriptions to the fact that these animals are invasive in 46% and 40% of responses, respectively. Most respondents (80%) were not bothered by the presence of these monkeys, and 86% denied interacting with the animal, while the remaining 14% admitted to trying to interact with the monkeys in some way, usually through offering food. This research will contribute to the improvement and promotion of the actions of environmental management by REBio Saltinho.

References

Albuquerque, JR, Oliveira, MAB (2014) Interações entre humanos e Callithrix jacchus (Linnaeus, 1758) no Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, Recife-PE, Brasil. In: Passos FC, Miranda, JMD (ed) A Primatologia no Brasil. Vol. 13. SBPr, Curitiba, pp 110-123.

Andrade EVE, Moura GJB (2011) Proposta de manejo das rodovias da Rebio Saltinho para mitigação do impacto sobre a anurofauna de solo. Revista Ibero-Americana de Ciências Ambientais. DOI: 10.6008/ESS2179-6858.2011.002.0002

Batista WP, Costa Neto EM, Spagnoletti N (2017) Relação entre humanos e primatas (Sapujus sp.) às margens do rio São Francisco, Nordeste, Brasil. Ethnoscientia. DOI: 10.18542/ethnoscientia.v2i1.10180

Boinski S (1999) The Social Organizations of Squirrel Monkeys: Implications for Ecological Modelsof Social Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6505(1999)8:3<101::AID-EVAN5>3.0.CO;2-O

Brasileiro L, Almeida LE, Saito CH (2011) Percepção dos visitantes do Parque Nacional de Brasília sobre sua interação com Cebus libidinosus: subsídios para uma prática de educação ambiental e de conduta consciente de visitantes de unidade de conservação da natureza. Revista Eletrônica do Mestrado em Educação Ambiental da FURG-RG 26:141-153.

Burnie D, Wilson DE (2001) Animal: The definitive visual guide to the word’s wildlife. New York: DK Publishing.

Camarotti FLM, Silva VL, Oliveira MAB (2015) The effects of introducing the Amazonian squirrel monkey on the behavior of the northeast marmoset. Acta Amaz. DOI: 10.1590/1809-4392201400305

CPRH (1999) Diagnóstico sócio ambiental: litoral sul de Pernambuco. Available in: http://www.cprh.pe.gov.br/downloads/2diagnostico_ambiental.pdf Accessed in: November 5, 2021.

Dukelow WR (1983) The Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus). In: Herarn JP (ed) Reproduction in New World Primates: New Models in Medical Science. Lancaster: MTP Press Limited, pp 149-180.

Estrada A, Garber PA, Mittermeier RA, Wich S, Gouveia S, Dobrovolski R, et al (2018) Primates in peril: the significance of Brazil, Madagascar, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo for global primate conservation. PeerJ. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.4869

Engeman RM, Laborde JE, Constantin BU, Shwiff AS, Hall P, Duffiney A, Luciano F (2010) The economic impacts to commercial farms from invasive monkeys in Puerto Rico. Crop Protection. DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2009.10.021

Faggionato S (2007) Percepção ambiental. Available in: http://educar.sc.usp.br/biologia/textos/m_a_txt4.html Accessed in: October 12, 2019.

Fiocruz (2020) One Health: Você conhece o conceito de saúde única?. Available in: https://portal.fiocruz.br/video/one-health-voce-conhece-o-conceito-de-saude-unica Accessed in: October 30, 2020.

Francisco TM, Silva IO, Boere V (2015) Exsudativoria em saguis do gênero Callithrix. Natureza on line 13:220-228.

Fuentes A, Hockings KJ (2010) The Ethnoprimatological Approach in Primatology. Am. J. Primatol. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.20844

Hill CM (2000) Conflict of Interest Between People and Baboons: Crop Raiding in Uganda. International Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1023/A:1005481605637

IBAMA (2003) Resumo executivo do plano de manejo da Reserva Biológica de Saltinho. MMA, Brasília.

Lins PAM (2014) Manejoerradicaçâo do Macaco-de-Cheiro (Saimiri sciureus) na Reserva Biológica de Saltinho/PE. Available in: http://www.icmbio.gov.br/portal/pesquisa/projetos-apoiados/2014/7349-manejo-erradicacao-do-macaco-de-cheiro-saimiri-sciureus-na-reserva-biologica-de-saltinho-pe Accessed in: February 19, 2019.

Loudon JE, Sauther ML, Fish KD, Hunter-Ishikawa M (2006) One reserve, three primates: applying a holistic approach to understand the interconnections among ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), Verreaux's sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) and humans (Homo sapiens) at Bez Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar. Ecological and Environmental Anthropology 2:54-74.

Oliveira JSS (2013) Índices de vegetação (NDVI, IVAS, IAF, NDWI) como subsídio à gestão do uso e ocupação do solo na zona de amortecimento da Reserva Biológica de Saltinho, Pernambuco. Dissertation, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.

Padua SM (2010) Primate Conservation: Integrating Communities Through Environmental Protection Programs. International Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.20766

Papworth S, Milner-Gulland EJ, Slocombe K (2013) The Natural Place to Begin: The Ethnoprimatology of the Waorani. Am. J. Primatol. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22173

Power ML, Myers W (2009) Digestion in the Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), A Gummivore-Frugivore. Am. J. Primatol. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.20737

Rodrigues NN, Martinez RA (2014) Wildlife in our backyard: interactions between Wied's marmoset Callithrix kuhlii (Primates: Callithrichidae) and residents of Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil. Wildlife Biology. DOI: 10.2981/wlb.13057

Rowe N (1996) The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Charlestown, RI: Pogonias Press.

Sabbatini G, Stammati M, Tavares MCH, Giuliani MV, Visalberghi E (2006) Interactions between humans and capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus) in the Parque Nacional de Brasília, Brazil. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2005.07.002

Saito CH, Brasileiro L, Almeida LE, Tavares MCH (2010) Conflitos entre macacos-prego e visitantes no Parque Nacional de Brasília: possíveis soluções. Sociedade & Natureza. DOI: 10.1590/S1982-45132010000300008

Sampaio MB, Souto A, Schiel N (2016) Ethnoprimatology. In: Albuquerque UP, Alves RRN (ed) Introduction to Ethnobiology. Springer, Switzerland, pp 63-68.

Schilaci MA, Engel GA, Fuentes A, Rompis A, Putra A, Wandia N, et al (2010) The Not-So-Sacred Monkeys of Bali: A Radiographic Study of Human-Primate Commensalism. In: Gursky-Doyen S, Supriatna J (ed) Indonesian Primates, Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects. Springer, Switzerland, pp 249-256.

Srbek-Araujo AC, Chiarello AG (2008) Domestic dogs in Atlantic forest preserves of south-eastern Brazil: a camera-trapping study on patterns of entrance and site occupancy rates. Brazilian Journal of Biology. DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842008000400011

Vale CA, Prezoto F (2015) Invasões Biológicas: o caso do mico estrela (Callithrix penicillata). Ces Revista 29:58-76.

Squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) during rest

Downloads

Published

2021-12-27

How to Cite

Lima, D. M. de, Albuquerque, J. R. de, & Oliveira, M. A. B. de. (2021). Human perceptions and practices related to the squirrel monkeys (&lt;em&gt;Saimiri sciureus&lt;/em&gt;) in a forest area of Pernambuco, Brazil. Multidisciplinary Science Journal, 4, e2022009. https://doi.org/10.29327/multiscience.2022009

Issue

Section

Research Article