Ultrasonographic biometry of the ovaries and follicles in cyclic and non-cyclic Kundhi buffaloe
Keywords:ultrasonographic, ovaries, cyclic and non-cyclic, Kundhi buffaloes, Tandojam
Ultrasonographic and morpho-biometry of the ovaries and follicles of cyclic and non-cyclic Kundhi buffaloes was studied. The buffalos were measured for their left and right ovaries using ultrasonographic and morpho-biometry of the ovaries. The age of non-cyclic buffaloes was 10 ± 2.0 years, and cyclic buffaloes was 8.33 ± 1.87 years; body weight of non-cyclic Kundhi Buffaloes was 377.14 ± 52.19 kg and cyclic buffaloes was 380.77 ± 89.69 kg; the body condition score of non-cyclic buffaloes was 3.78 ± 0.395 and cyclic buffaloes was 4.25 ± 0.43. Statistically, the differences for age and body condition score were significant (P<0.05) and non-significant (P>0.05) for body weight. The ultrasonographical biometry in the length of the left and right ovaries in Kundhi buffalo was 28.68 ± 4.80 and 31.44 ± 6.29 mm, 12.62 ± 2.20 and 12.61±2.51 mm in width, 5.81 ± 1.11 and 5.94 ± 1.66 mm in thickness, 64.28 ± 10.40 and 71.73 ± 11.33 mm in circumference, and 2.61 ± 0.76 and 3.08 ± 0.75 cm2 in volume, respectively. The differences in the length of the left and right ovaries, circumference, and volume were significant (P<0.05) and non-significant (P>0.05) for width and thickness. The morpho-biometry results indicated that the length of the left and right ovaries was 28.88 ± 5.30 and 30.31 ± 6.61 mm, 14.00 ± 1.83 and 14.00 ± 2.10 mm in width, 6.94 ± 1.12 and 7.06 ± 1.65 mm in thickness, 65.00 ± 7.75 and 68.44 ± 9.44 mm in circumference, and 5.88 ± 2.00 and 5.44 ± 1.63 gm in weight, respectively. The differences in the length, circumference, and weight of left and right ovaries were significant (P<0.05) and non-significant (P>0.05) for width and thickness of ovaries. The number of primary follicles on left and right ovaries was 1.00 ± 0.97 and 1.31 ± 1.08, secondary was 3.31 ± 2.85 and 3.63 ± 3.01, tertiary was 6.38 ± 1.59 and 6.81 ± 2.34, circumference of follicle on the left and right ovaries was 17.58 ± 5.52 and 16.69 ± 4.20 mm, and volume of the follicle 0.24 ± 0.14 and 0.21 ± 0.10 cm2. The differences in primary follicles, circumference of the follicle on the right and left ovaries were significant (P<0.05) and non-significant (P>0.05) for secondary, tertiary, and volume of follicles on left and right ovaries. The length ovaries in cyclic and non-cyclic Kundhi buffalo was 30.22 ± 6.85 and 29.89 ± 4.43 mm, ovaries 12.65 ± 1.68 and 12.57 ± 2.57 mm in width, 6.58 ± 1.61 and 5.58 ± 1.11 mm in thickness, 70.63 ± 13.06 and 65.38 ± 8.97 mm in circumference, 2.96 ± 0.79 and 2.72 ± 0.76 cm2 in volume, 6.00 ± 2.06 and 5.31 ± 1.49 gm in weight, respectively. The number of primary follicles on ovaries of cyclic and non-cyclic Kundhi buffaloes was 2.31 ± 1.08 and 0, number of secondary was 5.25 ± 1.77 and 0, number of tertiary was 7.31 ± 1.69 and 3.06 ± 1.30, 17.88 ± 4.93 and 12.30 ± 3.46 mm in circumference, and 0.25 ± 0.13 and 0.10 ± 0.08 cm2 in volume, respectively. The differences in thickness, circumference (O), weight, number of primary, secondary, tertiary, circumference (F). and volume (F) of follicles of cyclic and non-cyclic Kundhi buffaloes were significant (P<0.05) and non-significant (P>0.05) for length and width of follicles of cyclic and non-cyclic buffaloes.
Awasthi MK, Panchal MT, Shah RR (2006) Is one-wave follicular growth during the estrous cycle a usual phenomenon in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Anim Reprod Sci 92:241-53.
Baruselli TS, Mucciolo RG, Visintin JA, Viana WG, Arruda RP, Madureira EH, Oliveira CA, Molero-Filho JR (2007) Ovarian follicular dynamics during the estrous cycle in buffalo. Journal of Animal Science 82:198-204.
Giuseppina T, Maria G, Terzano I (2008) Ultrasonography and Reproduction in Buffalo. Journal of Meat Production 32:105-109.
Gomez KA, Gomez AA (1984) Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd ed. Wiley, New York.
Gupta V, Manik RS, Chauhan MS, Singla SK, Akshey YS, Palta P (2008) Repeated Ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval from cyclic Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis): Oocyte recovery and quality. Journal of Animal Reproduction Science 91: 89-96.
Honparkhe M (2010) Ultrasonographic size and characteristics of reproductive organs of repeat Breeder buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Journal of Veterinary Surgery 21:304-207.
Honparkhe M, Gandotra VK, Nanda AS (2012) Ultrasonographic measurements in comparison with the rectal palpation and echotexture of reproductive organs of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) during different stages of the estrous cycle. Journal of Veterinary Surgery 17:919- 923.
Kachiwal AB, Sheikh BA, Sheikh SA, Qureshi TA, Memon MA (2012) Ultrasonographic Biometry of the Ovaries of Pregnant Kundhi Buffaloes. Journal of Animal Science 44:105-109.
Khan FA, Nabi SU, Megha Pande, Das GK, Sarka M (2007) Bilateral follicular cyclic in a water buffalo. Journal of Veterinary Surgery 81:383-389.
KumarA, Solanki VS, Jindal VN, Tripathi G, Jain GC (2008) Oocyte retrieval and histological studies of follicular population in buffalo ovaries. Journal of Animal Reproduction Science 47:189-195.
Lujan ME, Chizen DR, Peppin AK, Dhir A and Pierson RA (2009) Assessment of ultrasonographic features of polycystic ovaries is associated with modest levels of inter-observer agreement. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 76:287-292.
Madan ML (2006) Factors limiting super-ovulation response in embryo transfer programme among buffaloes. Theriogenology. Journal of Veterinary Surgery. 33:280.
Maracek I, Hendrichovsky V, Lázár L, Krajnicáková M, Kubis P, Jusíkova A (2007) Biometric parameters of ovaries in the Buffalo and their changes after administration of cloprostenol. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 30:11-20.
Patel DV, Anil Kumar R, Iyue M, Kasiraj R (2009) Ultrasonographic biometry of the ovary and its responses during superovulation in toda buffaloes. Journal of Animal Science 85:332-338.
Palta P, Prakash BS, Manik RS, Madan ML (1996) Inhibin in individual buffalo ovarian follicles in relation to size. Journal of Veterinary Surgery 19:293-299.
Rahman MDR, Shohag AS, Kamal M, Parveen N, Shamsuddin M (2012) Application of Ultrasonography to Investigate Postpartum Anestrus in Water Buffaloes. Reproductive and Developmental Biology 36:103-108.
Razzaque WAA, Sahatpure SK, Pawshe CH, Kuralkar SV (2008) Biometry of ovaries and follicular count in cycling and non-cycling nagpuri buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Journal of Animal Reproduction 27:150-153.
SainiJ S, Dhaliwal GS, Ghuman SPS, Kumar A (2009) Reliability of ultrasonography for detecting the ovarian changes across the estrous cycle in buffaloes. Journal of Animal Science 26:155-160.
Sadrkhanloo RA, Abbasi M (2007) Biometry and histology of the buffalos ovary. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 55:203-209.
Shah SI (2006) A textbook of animal husbandry. National Book Foundation, Islamabad.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Multidisciplinary Science Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.