• Abstract

    This study investigates beef cattle's breeding profile and reproductive performance kept by smallholder farms in Monta District, Bima Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. In-depth interviews were conducted with fifty smallholder farmers, and observations were made on ninety-eight cows. Data on farmers' demographics, breeding profiles, management, and reproductive performance were collected and analyzed using descriptive analysis. The average age of the farmers was 44.32±6.61 years, with an average livestock farming experience of 33.14±6.17 years and an average cattle ownership of 5.02±3.96 heads. Most farmers (98.0%) engaged in beef cattle farming as a supplementary business for savings and insurance purposes. Interestingly, none of the smallholder farmers were members of livestock groups or had received any formal beef cattle farming training. The study's findings indicate promising results concerning beef cows' management and reproductive performance. The observed parameters include the average age of the first estrus at 26.03±5.01 months, the first mating age at 26.55±5.02 months, and the first calving age at 36.76±5.02 months. The average calf weaning age was 3.93±1.11 months, and the postpartum mating interval was 4.20±0.90 months. The cows exhibited an average of 1.59±0.49 services per conception, with an average days open period of 4.61±1.10 months. The calving interval was found to be 13.71±1.06 months. Moreover, the cow reproductive index was recorded at 0.88±0.07 head/year, indicating commendable management practices and reproductive performance. In conclusion, this study reveals that productive-age farmers with livestock experience engage in beef cattle farming as a supplementary business for savings. The findings suggest that beef cattle management and performance are commendable, considering the favorable calving interval and cow reproductive index.

  • References

    1. Abdullah A (2016) Determinant analysis of cattleman participation in institutional of livestock farmer groups. Ziraa’ah 41:127–136.
    2. Andarwati S, Haryadi T, Guntoro B, Sulastri E, Putra ARS, Gunawan (2018) Relationship between farmer’s characteristics with the motivation of goat milking un the Girikerto Village Turi District Sleman Regency. Bull. Anim. Sci 42:256–261. https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i3.32771
    3. Baliarti E, Budisatria IGS, Panjono, Atmoko BA, Hamdani M (2020) Calf production of Bali cows in cattle-oil palm plantation integration system in Riau Province Indonesia. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci 518:012015. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/518/1/012015
    4. Baliarti E, Setiawan I, Widi TSM, Suhartanto B, Maulana, H, Atmoko, BA, Astrini AL. (2021) Performances of Bali cow kept by the palm oil farmers in Rokan Hulu, Riau. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci 902:012053. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/902/1/012053
    5. Budiawan A. Ihsan MN, Wahjuningsih S (2015) Relationship between body condition score with service per conception and calving interval of beef cattle Filial Ongole underdistrict Babat District Lamongan. J. Ternak Tropika 16:34-40. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtapro.2015.016.01.6
    6. Budisatria IGS, Baliarti E, Widi TSM, Ibrahim A, Atmoko BA (2019) Reproductive management and performances of Aceh Cows, local Indonesian cattle kept by farmers in a traditional system. Am.-Eurasian J. Sustain. Agric 13:21–31. https://doi.org/10.22587/aejsa.2019.13.3.3
    7. Budisatria IGS, Guntoro B, Sulfiar AET, Ibrahim A, Atmoko BA (2021) Reproductive management and performances of Bali cow kept by smallholder farmers level with different production systems in South Konawe Regency, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci 782:022079. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/782/2/022079
    8. Central Bureau of Statistics (2017) Istilah Available at: https://www.bps.go.id/istilah/index.html?Istilah_page=4 (accessed 15 Nov 2021).
    9. Chawala AR, Banos G, Komwihangilo DM, Peters A, Chagunda MGG (2017) Phenotypic and genetic parameters for selected production and reproduction traits of Mpwapwa cattle in low-input production systems. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci 47:307–319.
    10. D’Occhio MJ, Baruselli PS, Campanile G (2019) Influence of nutrition, body condition, and metabolic statis on reproduction in female beef cattle: A review. Theriogenology 125:277-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2018.11.010
    11. Dayyani N, Karkudi K, Bakhtiari H (2013) Reproductive performance definition in dairy cattle : affective factors. Int. J. Adv. Biol. Biomed. Res 1:1392–1396.
    12. Dirgahayu FF, Hartono M, Santosa PE (2015) Conception rate pada sapi potong di Kecamatan Jati Agung Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. J. Ilm. Peternak. Terpadu 3:7–14.
    13. Diskin MG, Kenny DA (2016) Managing the reproductive performance of beef cows. Theriogenology 86:379–387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.04.052
    14. Hilmiati N (2019) Sistem peternakan sapi di Pulau Sumbawa: Peluang dan hambatan untuk peningkatan produktivitas dan pendapatan petani di lahan kering. SOCA J. Sos. Ekon. Pertan 13:142–154. https://doi.org/10.24843/soca.2019.v13.i02.p01
    15. Hossein-Zadeh H, Akbarian M (2015) Factor affecting body condition score and its relationship with productive and reproductive performances of Holstein cows. Iran. J. Appl. Anim. Sci 5:73–79.
    16. Ibrahim A, Wibowo DS, Budisatria IGS, Widayanti R, Artama WT (2021) Relationship between sheep farmer’s characteristics with the animal and environmental health management practices in Batur Village, Banjarnegara, Indonesia. BIO Web Conf., 33: 04010. https://doi.org/10.1051/bioconf/20213304010
    17. Koesmara H., Budisatria IGS, Baliarti E, Widi TSM, Nurtini S, Umami N, Ibrahim A, Atmoko BA, Vierman (2019) Income over feed cost of Aceh cattle fattened with forage and concentrate in different levels. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci 387:012101. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/387/1/012101
    18. Ngadiyono N, Budisatria IGS., Baliarti E, Panjono, Widi TSM, Yulianto MDE, Atmoko BA (2019) Integrated cattle farming development and assistance in the Kandang Kalimasodo. Jurnal Pengabdian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat 3:211-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.30595/jppm.v3i2.4200
    19. Nurdayati, Fidin NI, Supriyanto (2020) The effect of farmer characteristics on motivation farming dairy goat. J. Pengemb. Penyul. Pertan 17:121–136.
    20. Penev T, Vasilev N, Stankov K, Mitev J, Kirov V (2014) Impact of heifers age at first breeding and first calving on some parameters of economic effectiveness at dairy cattle farms. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci 3:772–778.
    21. Prasetia AM, Budisatria IGS, Widi TSM, Bintara S, Baliarti E (2021) Profiles of beef cattle farmers with different maintenance systems in Bima, West Nusa Tenggara. Eco. Env & Cons. 27:59-62.
    22. Prasetya MA, Atmoko BA, Ibrahim A, Budisatria IGS and Baliarti E. (2022). Reproductive Performances of Bali Cows Kept by Smallholder Farmers in Bima and Dompu Regency, West Nusa Tenggara. Advances in Biological Sciences Research 20:175-178. https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.220309.036
    23. Rahayu S (2015) The reproductive performance of Bali cattle and it’s genetic variation. J. Biol. Res 20:28–35.
    24. Rahmah UIL, Somanjaya R (2019) The correlation between farmers characteristics and level of dairy management. J. Ilmu Pertan. Dan Peternak 7: 102–107.
    25. Roelofs J, López-gatius F, Hunter RHF, Eerdenburg FJCM, Hanzen C (2010) When is a cow in estrus ? Clinical and practical aspects. Theriogenology 74:327–344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2010.02.016
    26. Sari DAP, Muladno, Said S (2020) Potensi dan performa reproduksi indukan sapi Bali dalam mendukung usaha pembiakan di stasiun lapang Sekolah Peternakan. J. Ilmu Produksi Dan Teknol. Has. Peternak 8:80–85. https://doi.org/10.29244/jipthp.8.2.80-85
    27. Siswanto M, Patmawati NW, Trinayani NN, Wandia IN (2013) Reproductive Performance of Bali Cattle under Intensive Management System in Breeding Instalation of Pulukan. J. Ilmu Dan Kesehat. Hewan 1:11–15.
    28. Sulfiar AET, Atmoko BA, Guntoro B, Budisatria IGS (2020a) Study of pasture productivity for semi-intensive cattle system during dry season in the South Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi. Bull. Anim. Sci 44:85–91. https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v44i3.52742
    29. Sulfiar AET, Atmoko BA, Guntoro B, Budisatria IGS (2020b) The profiling of the farmers with semi-intensive and intensive cattle production system in the South Konawe District, Southeast Sulawesi Province. IOP Cenference Ser. Earth Environ. Sci 468: 012061. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/465/1/012061
    30. Sulfiar AET, Atmoko BA, Guntoro B, Budisatria IGS (2022) Sustainability of beef cattle farming production system in South Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi. J. Indones. Trop. Anim. Agric 47(2):155–165. https://doi.org/10.14710/jitaa.47.2.155-165
    31. Tadesse Y (2019) Socioeconomic characteristics of the community and importance of camel and other livestock species in Tahitay-Adiyabo District, Tigray Region in the Northern Periphery of Ethiopia. Open J. Anim. Sci 9: 217–233. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojas.2019.92019
    32. Widarni NAA, Kusumastuti TA, Putra ARS (2020) A study on farmers’ choice in integrating paddy and cattle farming as farm management practices. J. Indones. Trop. Anim. Agric 45:356–364. https://doi.org/10.14710/jitaa.45.4.356-364
    33. Winarso B (2009) Pengembangan ternak sapi potong dalam mendukung program pengembangan swasembada daging di Nusa Tenggara Barat. In ICEASEPS Working Paper No. 98.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Malque Publishing

How to cite

Warman, A. T., Atmoko, B. A., Ibrahim, A., Baliarti, E., & Panjono. (2023). Breeding profile and reproductive performance of beef cattle kept by smallholder farmers in Monta District, Bima Regency, Indonesia. Multidisciplinary Reviews, 6(2), 2023012. https://doi.org/10.31893/multirev.2023012
  • Article viewed - 130
  • PDF downloaded - 27