• Abstract

    Syahadat Kures is an oral tradition of Surakarta Kasunanan palace, typically practiced in rituals as a means of communication with perceived supernatural powers. This oral tradition adheres to the customs and patterns of life within palace community. This article aims to describe the content, meaning, and role of Syahadat Kures in the lives of the people residing in Surakarta Kasunanan palace. This research employs a qualitative descriptive approach with an ethnographic methodology. Data collection involves observation and literature review. The research employed purposive sampling and snowball sampling techniques. The research results encompass two aspects: (1) a description of the content, meaning, and direct role of Syahadat Kures in the lives of the people residing in Surakarta Kasunanan palace, and (2) the implementation of Islamic values in the domains of government, art, and culture at Surakarta Kasunanan palace. The effect of practicing Syahadat Kures is to obey God's commands and avoid God's prohibitions. This influence affects many parts of life in Surakarta Kasunanan palace, notably governance, arts, and culture. All these elements have meanings and purposes that are directly tied to Islamic beliefs. Thus, Syahadat Kures plays an essential role in the growth of Islamic preaching, particularly to the population of Surakarta Kasunanan palace. This study is intended to aid other researchers, particularly those working in culture, history, and religion.

  • References

    1. Abrams, L. (2016). Oral history theory. Routledge.
    2. Agustian, E., Rachmawati, R., Rijanta, & Pitoyo, A. J. (2020). Multi-ethnic Settlement Concept in Denpasar City, Bali, Indonesia. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1655(1), 1–12.
    3. Agustiningsih, D. D., & Rostiyati, A. (2018). Alam papasangan: representasi nilai kasundaan dalam poko jampe (concept of coupleness: sundanese values in the spell of poko jampe). Metalingua: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, 16(2), 167–178.
    4. Amin, J. J. (2012). Cultural landscapes of Java. In Managing cultural landscapes (pp. 73–89). Routlegde.
    5. Arabi, O. (2021). Studies in modern Islamic law and jurisprudence. In Studies in Modern Islamic Law and Jurisprudence. Brill.
    6. Asadzandi, M. (2020). An Islamic religious spiritual health training model for patients. Journal of Religion and Health, 59(1), 173–187. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0709-9
    7. Asni, F. A. H. M. (2017). Analysis of the concept of two kalima shahadah al-tauhid and al-risalah according to the Qur’an and al-hadith. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(10), 374–353. https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i10/3383
    8. Astriandini, M. G., & Kristanto, Y. D. (2021). Kajian etnomatematika pola Batik Keraton Surakarta melalui analisis simetri. Mosharafa: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 10(1), 13–24. https://doi.org/10.31980/mosharafa.v10i1.831
    9. Auda, J. (2022). Maqasid Al-Shari’ah as philosophy of Islamic law. International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT).
    10. Bahzar, M. (2019). Authentic leadership in madrassas: Asserting Islamic values in teacher performance. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 10(1), 259–284.
    11. Benamou, M. (2010). Rasa: affect and intuition in Javanese musical aesthetics. Oxford University Press.
    12. Carey, P. (1986). Waiting for the ‘Just King’: The agrarian world of south-central Java from Giyanti (1755) to the Java War (1825–30). Modern Asian Studies, 20(1), 59–137. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X00013603
    13. Danandjaja, J. (2019). The Use of Prose Narrative for The Reconstruction of Tano Niha Local History. Antropologi Indonesia, 2(1), 12–22.
    14. Dhani, D. R., Awanda, V. B., & Novitasari, S. (2019). Resepsi Ikatan Keluarga Banyuwangi Terhadap Mantra Sabuk Mangir. Satwika: Kajian Ilmu Budaya Dan Perubahan Sosial, 3(2), 103–110https://doi.org/10.22219/satwika.v3i2.10243
    15. Ediwar, Hanefi, Rosta Minawati, & Febri Yulika. (2020). Saluang Dendang Sirompak dalam Tradisi Ritual Magis di Payakumbuh: Satuan Kajian Karakteristik Musikal. Panggung, 30(4), 511–531.
    16. Fatmawaty, L. S. W. A., Chusna, A., & Taufiqurrahman, M. (2017). Struktur Dan Makna Dalam Ritualmemanggil Hujan (Cowongan) Di Banyumas. Seminar Nasional LPPM Unsoed.
    17. Fauble, L. (2016). Medicinal Music: An Anatomy of Music in the Healing Arts. Prescott College.
    18. Frankfurter, D. (2019). Spell and speech act: the magic of the spoken word. In Guide to the study of ancient magic . Brill, 608–625.
    19. Gan-Choudhury, J. (2015). Folk-Tales of Tripura. Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
    20. Gernet, A. Von. (2022). What my elders taught me: oral traditions as evidence in Aboriginal litigation. AN INDIGENOUS ORAL HISTORY READER, 103–129.
    21. Gittings, C. (2023). Death, burial and the individual in early modern England. Routledge.
    22. Gupta, D. K. (2020). Understanding terrorism and political violence: The life cycle of birth, growth, transformation, and demise. Routledge.
    23. Gusarov, K. V, & Popov, O. I. (2020). Recognition of the fact of birth or death in the temporarily occupied territory under the rules of special proceedings. Journal of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, 4(1), 161–171. https://doi.org/10.37635/jnalsu.27(4).2020.161-171
    24. Hardyanto, H., Widodo, W., & Nugroho, Y. (2019, September). The Chronicle of Sultan Agung and the Political Power of the King of Java. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Indonesian Politics. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.25-6-2019.2287982
    25. Hayati, F. N., & Susatya, E. (2020). Strengthening of Religious Character Education Based on School Culture in the Indonesian Secondary School. European Educational Researcher, 3(3), 87–100. https://doi.org/10.31757/euer.331
    26. Herlina, M. (2022). Analisis mantra pemberian nama (batalah) oleh masyarakat dayak ahe di Desa Tonang Kecamatan Sengah Temila Kabupaten Landak (kajian semiotik). IKIP PGRI Pontianak.
    27. Herusatoto, B. (1984). Simbolisme Jawa. Ombak.
    28. Hynson, M. (2021). A balinese ‘call to prayer’: Sounding religious nationalism and local identity in the Puja Tri Sandhya. Religions, 12(8), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12080668
    29. Ikhwana, N. (2020). Witchcraft of Saluang Sirompak: Music of Broken Hearts in the Taeh Baruah Minangkabau Community. International Journal of Visual and Performing Arts, 2(2), 72–80.
    30. Irawan, Y. D., Suneko, A., & Ardana, I. K. (2022). Mantra Musicalization: Cowongan Rituals Ideas for Creating Instruction Karawitan Compositions. GHURNITA: Jurnal Seni Karawitan, 2(3), 180–191. https://doi.org/10.59997/jurnalsenikarawitan.v2i3.1457
    31. Ismaya, B., Setiawan, T., Sulistyarini, I., Winarti, A., Nabila, R., Purnamaningsih, I., & Purwanto, A. (2020). FAST Leadership Model for University Leaders Performance in Pharmacy Faculty: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(8), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.31838/srp.2020.8.54
    32. Kawasaki, N. (2012). Religiositas Tradisi Jawa Islam Dalam Seni Batik. IBDA: Jurnal Kajian Islam Dan Budaya, 10(2), 173–186. https://doi.org/10.24090/ibda.v10i2.84
    33. Khan, H. M., & Hussain, S. (2020). he significance of sunnah and the status of the holy prophet (pbuh) with special reference to the quran. Al-Azhār, 6(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.46896/alazhr.v6i01.255
    34. Khaura, R. R. A. (2022). Sekaten: A Multicultural Form for Instilling Tolerance and Acculturation Values in Education in Yogyakarta City. Annual Conference on Research, Educational Implementation, Social Studies and History (AREISSH 2021), 151–158. https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-494069-17-6_17
    35. Lanza, C. S. (2022). Nietzsche and Ancient Greek, Oral Culture: A glimpse of his philosophy through the anachronistic lens of some 20th Century classicists. The Agonist, 16(1), 33–46.
    36. Lilomaiava-Doktor, S. (2020). Oral traditions, cultural significance of storytelling, and samoan understandings of place or fanua. Native American and Indigenous Studies, 7(1), 121–151.
    37. Lombaard, C. (2019). First steps into the discipline: On the ‘spirit’in the discipline of Christian spirituality. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 75(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v75i1.5456
    38. Lyngsøe, M. L., & Stjernholm, S. (2022). Nearness to God: Danish Muslims and Taqwa-infused faith frames. Contemporary Islam, 16(2), 173–191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11562-022-00498-2
    39. Lyon, F. (2012). Access and non-probability sampling in qualitative research on trust. In Handbook of research methods on trust. Sage Publishing.
    40. Marimin, M. (2016). Cultural Heritage as a Tourist Destination: A Focus on Surakarta Kasunanan Palace in Indonesia. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism (JEMT), 7(16), 723–732. https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v7.4(16).19
    41. Marlina, A. (2020). What are the most enduring elements in the traditional city of Surakarta? A case study of Kampong Baluwarti within the Surakarta Sunanate Palace. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 12–37. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/447/1/012037
    42. M’bwangi, F. M. (2020). Righteousness, ideology and the Kingdom of God in Matthew 6: 10-a reading of identity politics from Matthew’s Lord’s Prayer. Pharos Journal of Theology, 101(4), 1–12.
    43. Miles, M., Hubermas, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis. Sage Publications.
    44. Minarno, E. B., Rahmawati, D. L., Felinda, S., & Resmisari, R. S. (2020). Ethnobotanical study of plants for the ceremony of seventh month-pregnancy (Mitoni) by communities of Mojosari, Mojokerto regency. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 012028. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/456/1/012028
    45. Muhsyanur. (2020). Types and trust systems based on the ideology of Bugis community culture on local interest values in cenning rara spells. International Journal of Humanity Studies, 4(1), 58–68.
    46. Mulyana, A. (2017). Sekaten tradition: The ritual ceremony in Yogyakarta as acculturation reality of Javanese culture in Indonesia. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Studies, 4(2), 50–61. https://doi.org/10.29032/IJHSSS.v4.i2.2017.50-61
    47. Nawafil, M. I., & Tiara, N. (2016, January). Islam And Cultures: Java-Acculturated Islam in Islamic perspective. International Conference on Social Politics.
    48. Nurjayanti, W. (2022). Historical, philosophical, and contextual values in al-wustho Mangkunegaran mosque, Surakarta. Journal of Islamic Architecture, 7(2), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.18860/jia.v7i2.15609
    49. Pertiwi, A. R., & Winarto, Y. (2020). Evolution of Hindu–Buddhist Architectural Ornaments Into Javanese Traditional Architecture: Case Study of Sewu Temple. 4th International Conference on Arts Language and Culture (ICALC 2019), 119–129. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200323.017
    50. Rahayu, N., Warto, W., Sudardi, B., & Wijaya, M. (2020). Dynamics of social values and teaching in the global era: Beyond Sekaten tradition in Surakarta Kingdom. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 11(1), 213–229. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/216433/
    51. Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., & Elam, G. (2003). Designing and selecting samples. In Qualitative research methods (pp. 77–108). Sage Publishing.
    52. Saputra, H. S. P. (2007). Memuja Mantra; Sabuk Mangir dan Jaran Goyang Masyarakat Suku Using Banyuwangi. LKIS Pelangi aksara.
    53. Schubel, V. J. (2023). Islam’s Diverse Paths, Part One: Patterns of Belief. In Teaching Humanity: An Alternative Introduction to Islam (pp. 39–75). Springer International Publishing.
    54. Setiyani, W., & Muktafi, M. (2020). The Resilience of Muslim Converts in Understanding Islam: The Role of al-Akbar Mosque for Post-Conversion Accompaniment. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf Dan Pemikiran Islam, 10(2), 302–324. https://doi.org/10.15642/teosofi.2020.10.2.303-325
    55. Setyawan, B. W., Aziz, A., Teguh, T., & Jazeri, M. (2022). Selametan Day of the Dead From a Javanese Cultural Perspective among Santri and Abangan: A Case Study in Tulungagung District. IBDA: Jurnal Kajian Islam Dan Budaya, 20(1), 25–43. https://doi.org/10.24090/ibda.v20i1.5182
    56. Sharma, M. (2020). ‘God of Humans’:Dina-Bhadri, Dalit Folktales and Environmental Movements. South Asian History and Culture, 12(1), 1–18.
    57. Sholehuddin, M. S., Munjin, M., & Adinugraha, H. H. (2021). Islamic tradition and religious culture in halal tourism: empirical evidence from Indonesia . IBDA: Jurnal Kajian Islam Dan Budaya, 19(1), 79–100. https://doi.org/10.24090/ibda.v19i1.4470
    58. Skinner, J. (2013). The interview: An ethnographic approach. A&C Black.
    59. Sommer, B. W., & Quinlan, M. K. (2018). The oral history manual. Rowman & Littlefield.
    60. Sondhi, S. (2021). Sabda Brahma: Science and Spirit of Language in Indian Culture. Kalakalpa: IGNCA Journal for Arts, 5(2), 1–21.
    61. Stoor, K. (2021). Complex Yoiks–A Time Traveller: Aboriginal Oral Traditions Among the Sámi in Sweden. Arctic Yearbook, 563–589.
    62. Sudikan, S. Y. (2013). Kearifan Lokal Dalam Tradisi Lisan Nusantara (Penggalian Nilai-Nilai Kebhinekaan Untuk Indonesia Masa Kini dan Masa Depan). Folklor Nusantara: Hakikat, Bentuk, dan Fungsi. Ombak.
    63. Sunaryo, T. B., & Sejati, I. R. H. (2022). Form And Function Shifting Of The Music Corps Bregada In Kasunanan Surakarta Palace. Jurnal Seni Musik, 11(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.15294/jsm.v11i1.55174
    64. Suparman, Ahmad, H., & Sriwulandari, Y. A. (2021). Mantra Batalah Sebagai Tradisi Lisan pada Masyarakat Suku Dayak di Kabupaten Landak Kalimantan Barat (Perspektif Kajian Antropolinguistik). JIIP (Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan), 4(4), 221–227.
    65. Sutarwinarmo, S., Supriyono, A., & Puguh, D. R. (2017). Confirming the Existence of the Kingdom: The Efforts of Territorial Consolidation and Formation of Cultural Identity During the Reign of Hamengku Buwana I, 1755–1792. IHiS (Indonesian Historical Studies), 1(2), 103–116. https://doi.org/10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1928
    66. Tanhidy, J., Panggarra, R., & Budiman, S. (2023). Implementation of Kingdom of God’s Ethic in the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Digital Age. Pharos Journal of Theology, 104(5), 1–11.
    67. Taufik, T. (2023). Determination of Islamic Leadership: Amanah, Fatonah, Tabligh, Siddiq. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary, 2(2), 274–283. https://doi.org/10.38035/ijam.v2i2.271
    68. TEMİZ, M. (2021). Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. Universitas Pamukkale.
    69. Utami, H. E. (2011). Kidung sekaten antara religi dan ritus sosial budaya. Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 11(2), 153–162. https://doi.org/10.15294/harmonia.v11i2.2208
    70. Vehovar, V., Toepoel, V., & Steinmetz, S. (2016). Non-probability sampling. In The Sage handbook of survey methods. Sage Publishing.
    71. Verkuyten, M., & Kollar, R. (2021). Tolerance and intolerance: Cultural meanings and discursive usage. Culture & Psychology, 27(1), 172–186. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354067X20984356
    72. Wardani, A., Darmayanti, N., & Sofyan, A. N. (2021). Struktur Tradisi lisan Kekuatan dalam Buku “Jangjawokan Inventarisasi Puisi Tradisi lisan Sunda.” Kajian Linguistik Dan Sastra, 6(1), 54–71. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23917/
    73. Wardani, N. E. (2023). The struggle and Islamic patriotism of Sunan Kalijaga in folktales of Central Java, Indonesia. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 79(1), 8480. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v79i1.8480
    74. Warisno, A., & Tabrani, Z. A. (2018). The Local Wisdom and Purpose of Tahlilan Tradition. Advanced Science Letters, 24(10), 7082–7086. https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2018.12413
    75. Wibowo, A., Warto, W., & Sariyatun, S. (2018). Reinterpretation of Values in the Folksong Ilir-Ilir by Raden Sahid. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(4), 204–212https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v5i4.263
    76. Wilkie, B., Cahir, F., & Clark, D. I. (2020). Volcanism in aboriginal Australian oral traditions: Ethnographic evidence from the Newer Volcanics Province. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.
    77. Yuristiadhi, G., & Purwanto, B. (2016). Transformation of Charities by Islamic Social Movements In Yogyakarta, 1912-1931: A History of Islamic Wealth Management. IJIBE (International Journal of Islamic Business Ethics), 1(1), 13–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/ijibe.1.1.13-27

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Malque Publishing

How to cite

Gumelar, N. A., Sumarwati, & Saddhono, K. (2024). The The oral tradition of <em>Syahadat Kures</em> : Core and initial foundations of Surakarta Kasunanan palace rule, Central Java Indonesia. Multidisciplinary Reviews, 7(8), 2024199. https://doi.org/10.31893/multirev.2024169
  • Article viewed - 102
  • PDF downloaded - 44