• Abstract

    Non-specific low back pain lacks a clear etiology link between imaging results and symptoms and predominantly affects the working-age population in India. The most common musculoskeletal ailment and primary cause of disability is low back pain. This is the condition that has the highest potential for rehabilitative benefits. Pain that persists for more than a day and is felt between the creases of the buttocks and lower ribs is the hallmark of non-specific low back pain. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of current knowledge about physical therapy practices for nonspecific low back pain among adult populations. Method: We conducted a systematic search of the English-language literature on Google Scholar and PubMed using keywords related to back pain combined with physical therapy. Two independent reviewers screened titles, abstracts, and full texts for relevance. The Modified Oswestry Disability Index, Visual Analogue Scale, pressure biofeedback device, and Modified Schober's test were assessed as outcome measures. Result: From 2000 to 2023, 186 articles were searched using a combination of keywords non-specific low back pain, and physical therapy. Out of the 186 articles, 14 were eligible for full-text review. The records screened were n = 99, out of which n = 40 records were excluded because they did not meet the age criteria of >18 or < 51 years. Reports sought for retrieval were n = 59; reports not retrieved were n = 34; reports assessed for eligibility were n = 25, 14 studies were included as they followed the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Physical therapy practices in India for NSLBP show diversity but consistently aim to reduce pain and enhance patient function. The review supports the effectiveness of combined conservative treatments and specific exercise regimens, highlighting the need for standardized guidelines to optimize patient outcomes across different regions.

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Atmaram, N. K., & Phansopkar, P. (2024). Current knowledge about physical therapy practices regarding non-specific low back pain among adult population of India: A systematic review. Multidisciplinary Reviews, (| Accepted Articles). Retrieved from https://malque.pub/ojs/index.php/mr/article/view/3448
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