• Abstract

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - A.D.H.D. is a pediatric illness that involves psychiatric and neurodevelopmental aspects of the child. It pertains to ‘not so normal’, ‘irritating’ behavior as often labeled by society, not knowing how much it affects the child himself/herself. Three broad types of A.D.H.D. –

    • Inattentive and distractible type
    • Impulsive or hyperactive type
    • Combined form

    All these different types pertain to different manifestations and thus different treatment directives. The following treatment regimens are available:

    1. Medical/pharmacological treatments include stimulants and nonstimulant It is the usual preferred mode of treatment but often has various side effects, such as cardiovascular derangements and seizures.
    2. Psychosocial treatment includes integrated behavioral, mental and social rectification of the child and the symptoms. This approach requires well-trained staff, which limits its effectiveness.
    3. Neurofeedback mechanisms include amplifying signals to strengthen the child’s focus.
    4. Trigeminal nerve stimulators include applying a stimulant over the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve that stimulates it and thus further alters brain activity.

    EndeavorRx – a prescription-based video game approved by the US FDA to ameliorate the cognition, work memory, integration, attention span and problem-solving ability of the child. It has algorithms and interfaces that customize to the user’s needs and modify the tasks accordingly. It also regulates the emotions of the child. There are positive reviews regarding the game, as it not only puts a band-aid on the pathophysiology but also strengthens the connections to improve it. Additionally, the future is characterized by digitalization; therefore, these would be the more sought options.


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CHANNAWAR, R., & Chakole, S. (2024). Digital treatment modalities for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A review. Multidisciplinary Reviews, (| Accepted Articles). Retrieved from https://malque.pub/ojs/index.php/mr/article/view/3091
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