• Abstract

    The health of pregnant women and their developing fetuses can be greatly impacted by asthma, a prevalent chronic respiratory disease. Pregnancy-related asthma is a serious health risk. A potentially fatal condition that makes many pregnancies more difficult is asthma. The prevalence of asthma has increased within the past few decades. This comprehensive review explored the complex connection between asthma and pregnancy. Analyzing physiological alterations during pregnancy revealed dynamic interactions between immunological responses and respiratory function. These important discoveries highlight the susceptibility to exacerbations of asthma. This discussion focuses on the links between poorly managed asthma and unfavorable perinatal outcomes, with particular attention given to maternal and fetal outcomes, tracking and tailored treatment to provide the best possible management of asthma. This review emphasizes how important it is to manage asthma throughout pregnancy because it can have a positive impact on both mothers’ and fetuses’ long-term health. Consequences for clinical practice emphasize the value of preconception care, ongoing surveillance, and joint obstetrician-pulmonologist efforts. This review also sheds light on how common asthma is in expectant mothers, and this field's future directions require further investigation. Low birth weights and small for gestational age are associated with a greater risk, especially in women who have moderate-to-severe asthma and episodes of the condition during pregnancy. Additionally, there was a slight but statistically significant increase in the chance of congenital deformities. By preventing exacerbations, active management may lessen these risks. Ensuring optimal management of asthma during pregnancy is crucial for the welfare of the expectant mother and the unborn child. While poorly managed and undertreated asthma is linked to a number of dangers for both mothers and fetuses, well-controlled asthma reduces the risk of complications for both mothers and fetuses.

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Pawar, R., & Rawekar, A. (2024). Asthma and pregnancy : understanding the dynamic relationship: A comprehensive review. Multidisciplinary Reviews, (| Accepted Articles). Retrieved from https://malque.pub/ojs/index.php/mr/article/view/2875
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