Keywords:
Household e-waste
  • Abstract

    The improper handling of domestic e-waste poses serious environmental and health risks. By highlighting the crucial problems and potential solutions, this thorough analysis attempts to synthesize the body of knowledge on managing household e-waste. However, designing sustainable management techniques requires consideration of the collection system, consumer awareness, and policy. Inadequate household e-waste management has led to resource waste, the leakage of dangerous contaminants into ecosystems, and negative health effects on humans and the environment. Using the search engine database SCOPUS, a comprehensive literature review encompassing journal articles spanning the last four years from 2019–2022 was performed. The key themes used in the review, such as collection system, awareness, and policy, were analyzed and synthesized. This review reveals the challenges in managing household e-waste. Collection mechanisms vary widely, with success relying on factors such as awareness campaigns and Deposit-Refund Schemes (DRSs). Collecting processes exhibit significant disparities in efficiency, with potential for improvement through technological advancements, such as smart sorting systems and robotics. Policy frameworks, while present in many regions, often lack comprehensive implementation. To address these challenges effectively, a holistic approach is needed. Implementing comprehensive policy frameworks, raising awareness, and adopting emerging collecting system technologies are crucial steps forward.

  • References

    1. Afroz, R., Muhibbullah, M., Farhana, P., & Morshed, M. N. (2020). Analyzing the intention of the households to drop off mobile phones to the collection boxes: empirical study in Malaysia. Ecofeminism and Climate Change, 1(1), 3–20. https://doi.org/10.1108/efcc-03-2020-0004
    2. Almulhim, A. I. (2022). Household's awareness and participation in sustainable electronic waste management practices in Saudi Arabia. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 13(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2022.101729
    3. Attia, Y., Soori, P. K., & Ghaith, F. (2021). Analysis of households' e-waste awareness, disposal behavior, and estimation of potential waste mobile phones towards an effective e-waste management system in dubai. Toxics, 9(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics9100236
    4. Banaszkiewicz, K., Pasiecznik, I., Cieżak, W., & Boer, E. D. (2022). Household E-Waste Management: A Case Study of Wroclaw, Poland. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(18). https://doi.org/10.3390/su141811753
    5. Borthakur, A., & Govind, M. (2019). Computer and mobile phone waste in urban India: an analysis from the perspectives of public perception, consumption and disposal behaviour. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 62(4), 717–740. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2018.1429254
    6. Cai, K., Song, Q., Peng, S., Yuan, W., Liang, Y., & Li, J. (2020). Uncovering residents' behaviors, attitudes, and WTP for recycling e-waste: a case study of Zhuhai city, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27(2), 2386–2399. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06917-x
    7. Cheng, X., Wu, F., Zhang, L., & Yang, J. (2023). Willingness to pay and its determinants: Comparing the deposit-refund and increased-price systems among Chinese citizens for express packaging waste management. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2023.107148
    8. Elmosaad, Y. M., Al Rajeh, A. M., Llaguno, M. B. B., Alqaimi, S. S., Alsalman, A. M., Alkishi, A. Y., Hussain, H., Alhoudaib, M. A., Alnajim, O. S., & Belal, S. (2023). Self-Reported Household Waste Recycling and Segregation Practices among Families in Eastern Region of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20031790
    9. Fiore, S., Ibanescu, D., Teodosiu, C., & Ronco, A. (2019). Improving waste electric and electronic equipment management at full-scale by using material flow analysis and life cycle assessment. Science of the Total Environment, 659, 928–939. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.417
    10. Ganesan, R., Ramesh, B., & Teja, C. (2021). Awareness of Reuse Reduce Recycle &; Dispose of E-Waste in Chennai. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1964(7). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1964/7/072006
    11. Jang, Y.-C., Choi, K., Kwon, Y., Song, H., & Kim, H. (2022). Recycling and Material Flow Analysis of End-of-Life Fluorescent Lamps in South Korea. Energies, 15(23). https://doi.org/10.3390/en15238825
    12. Jayaraman, K., Vejayon, S., Raman, S., & Mostafiz, I. (2019a). The proposed e-waste management model from the conviction of individual laptop disposal practices-An empirical study in Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 208, 688–696. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.125
    13. Jayaraman, K., Vejayon, S., Raman, S., & Mostafiz, I. (2019b). The proposed e-waste management model from the conviction of individual laptop disposal practices-An empirical study in Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 208, 688–696. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.125
    14. Kang, K D, Kang, H., Ilankoon, I. M. S. K., & Chong, C. Y. (2020). Electronic waste collection systems using Internet of Things (IoT): Household electronic waste management in Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119801
    15. Kang, Kai Dean, Kang, H., Ilankoon, I. M. S. K., & Chong, C. Y. (2020). Electronic waste collection systems using Internet of Things (IoT): Household electronic waste management in Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 252, 119801. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119801
    16. Lase, I. S., Ragaert, K., Dewulf, J., & De Meester, S. (2021). Multivariate input-output and material flow analysis of current and future plastic recycling rates from waste electrical and electronic equipment: The case of small household appliances. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105772
    17. Lin, H.-T., Nakajima, K., Yamasue, E., & Ishihara, K. N. (2019). An optimum treatment for waste electronic home appliance in remote area: The case of Kinmen, Taiwan. Waste Management, 89, 379–385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.04.026
    18. Linderhof, V., Oosterhuis, F. H., van Beukering, P. J. H., & Bartelings, H. (2019). Effectiveness of deposit-refund systems for household waste in the Netherlands: Applying a partial equilibrium model. Journal of Environmental Management, 232, 842–850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.102
    19. Mazzarano, M. (2022). Material governance and circularity policies: How waste policies and innovation affect household appliances' accumulation. Ecological Economics, 200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107538
    20. Miner, K. J., Rampedi, I. T., Ifegbesan, A. P., & Machete, F. (2020). Survey on household awareness and willingness to participate in e-waste management in jos, plateau state, Nigeria. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031047
    21. Muhammad, A., Muhammad Hussein, M. Z. S., Zulfakar, M. H., & Sundram, V. P. K. (2020). Reverse logistics activities for household e-waste management: A review. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 9(1), 312–318.
    22. Nigl, T., Schwarz, T. E., Walch, C., Baldauf, M., Rutrecht, B., & Pomberger, R. (2020). Characterization and material flow analysis of end-of-life portable batteries and lithium-based batteries in different waste streams in Austria. Waste Management and Research, 38(6), 649–659. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X20914717
    23. Nisha, B., Shajil, S., Dutta, R., & Jain, T. (2022). Consumer awareness and perceptions about e-waste management in semi-urban area of northern Tamil Nadu: A mixed-method approach. Journal of Family and Community Medicine, 29(2), 132–137. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfcm.jfcm_318_21
    24. Ofori, D., & Opoku Mensah, A. (2022). Sustainable electronic waste management among households: a circular economy perspective from a developing economy. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 33(1), 64–85. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-04-2021-0089
    25. Pandebesie, E. S., Indrihastuti, I., Wilujeng, S. A., & Warmadewanthi, I. (2019). Factors influencing community participation in the management of household electronic waste in West Surabaya, Indonesia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26(27), 27930–27939. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05812-9
    26. Pasiecznik, I., Banaszkiewicz, K., & Syska, Ł. (2021). Local community e-waste awareness and behavior. Polish case study. Environment Protection Engineering, 43(3), 287–303. https://doi.org/10.37190/epe170320
    27. Phoochinda, W., & Kriyapak, S. (2021). Electronic waste recycling business: Solution, choice, survival. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 16(4), 693–700. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsdp.160409
    28. Putri, N. J., & Kusumastuti, R. D. (2021). Reverse Logistics Analysis on Household Electronic Waste Management Using System Dynamics Simulation Approach. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 940(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/940/1/012025
    29. Rahmanda, B., Njatrijani, R., & Fadillah, R. (2023). Environmental Policy in Managing E-Waste Recycling: Promoting a Clean Environment in Public Policy. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 18(1), 121–126. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsdp.180112
    30. Ramya, P., Ramya, V., & Rao, M. B. (2023). IoT-based Household Electronic Waste Management Systems for Electronic Waste Collection. 6th International Conference on Inventive Computation Technologies, ICICT 2023 - Proceedings, 1371–1376. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICICT57646.2023.10134184
    31. Razip, M.M., Savita, K. S., Kalid, K. S., Ahmad, M. N., Zaffar, M., Abdul Rahim, E. E., Baleanu, D., & Ahmadian, A. (2022). The development of sustainable IoT E-waste management guideline for households. Chemosphere, 303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134767
    32. Razip, M M, Savita, K. S., Kalid, K. S., Ahmad, M. N., Zaffar, M., Abdul Rahim, E. E., Baleanu, D., & Ahmadian, A. (2022). The development of sustainable IoT E-waste management guideline for households. Chemosphere, 303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134767
    33. Razip, Marym Mohamad, Savita, K. S., Kalid, K. S., Ahmad, M. N., Zaffar, M., Abdul Rahim, E. E., Baleanu, D., & Ahmadian, A. (2022). The development of sustainable IoT E-waste management guideline for households. Chemosphere, 303(P1), 134767. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134767
    34. Sengupta, D., Ilankoon, I. M. S. K., Kang, K. D., & Chong, M. N. (2023). Circular economy and household e-waste management in India. Part II: A case study on informal e-waste collectors (Kabadiwalas) in India. Minerals Engineering, 200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2023.108154
    35. Shi, J., Wang, R., Chen, W., Xing, L., & Jin, M. (2020). Bi-objective design of household E-waste collection with public advertising and competition from informal sectors. Waste Management, 102, 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.10.018
    36. Shi, Jianmai, Wang, R., Chen, W., Xing, L., & Jin, M. (2020). Bi-objective design of household E-waste collection with public advertising and competition from informal sectors. Waste Management, 102, 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.10.018
    37. Shreyas Madhav, A. V., Rajaraman, R., Harini, S., & Kiliroor, C. C. (2022a). Application of artificial intelligence to enhance collection of E-waste: A potential solution for household WEEE collection and segregation in India. Waste Management and Research, 40(7), 1047–1053. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X211052846
    38. Shreyas Madhav, A. V., Rajaraman, R., Harini, S., & Kiliroor, C. C. (2022b). Application of artificial intelligence to enhance collection of E-waste: A potential solution for household WEEE collection and segregation in India. Waste Management and Research, 40(7). https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X211052846
    39. Siddiqi, M. M., Naseer, M. N., Wahab, Y. A., Hamizi, N. A., Badruddin, I. A., Hasan, M. A., Chowdhury, Z. Z., Akbarzadeh, O., Johan, M. R., & Kamangar, S. (2020). Exploring e-waste resources recovery in household solid waste recycling. Processes, 8(9), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8091047
    40. Singh, D., & Kumar, V. (2023). Awareness and handling practices of electronic waste in indian households and society. In Sustainable Approaches and Strategies for E-Waste Management and Utilization. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-6684-7573-7.ch002
    41. Singh, S., Dasgupta, M. S., & Routroy, S. (2022). Analysis of Critical Success Factors to Design E-waste Collection Policy in India: A Fuzzy DEMATEL Approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(7), 10585–10604. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-16129-x
    42. Singh, S., Routroy, S., & Dasgupta, M. S. (2023). Electrical and electronic equipment consumption pattern and e-waste disposal behaviour of individuals and households in India. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 25(4), 2390–2406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-023-01697-6
    43. Srimathi, H., Krishnamoorthy, A., & Dharshini, S. (2019). E-waste management and awareness. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 8(11), 2627–2631.
    44. Thukral, S., Shree, D., & Singhal, S. (2023). Consumer behaviour towards storage, disposal and recycling of e-waste: systematic review and future research prospects. Benchmarking, 30(3), 1021–1072. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-12-2021-0774
    45. Wang, B., Ren, C., Dong, X., Zhang, B., & Wang, Z. (2019). Determinants shaping willingness towards online recycling behaviour: An empirical study of household e-waste recycling in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 143, 218–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.01.005
    46. Wang, Z., Song, Q., You, Y., Duan, H., Yuan, W., & Li, J. (2021). Identifying the lifecycle ODP and GWP effects of the refrigerants from household air-conditioners in Macau. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2021.106639
    47. Wibowo, N., Nurcahyo, R., & Gabriel, D. S. (2022). Environmental awareness factor of used cell phones. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 8(1), 87–100. https://doi.org/10.22034/gjesm.2022.01.07
    48. Wong, S. Y., Han, H., Cheng, K. M., Koo, A. C., & Yussof, S. (2023). ESS-IoT: The Smart Waste Management System for General Household. Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology, 31(1), 311–325. https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.31.1.19
    49. Yang, L., Guo, J., Zhang, C., Wan, P., & Li, H. (2022). Optimization of Location-Routing for the Waste Household Appliances Recycling Logistics under the Uncertain Condition. Tehnicki Vjesnik, 29(1), 127–138. https://doi.org/10.17559/TV-20210623085943
    50. Yunita, M. T., Zagloel, T. Y. M., Ardi, R., & Zulkarnain. (2019). Development of Funding Model in E-waste Management Systems for Households Products in Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 219(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/219/1/012005

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Multidisciplinary Reviews

How to cite

ABDULLAH, C. W. N., AREP ARIFF, H., & MOHAMED SULTAN, A. A. (2024). Household e-waste management: A comprehensive review. Multidisciplinary Reviews, (| Accepted Articles). Retrieved from https://malque.pub/ojs/index.php/mr/article/view/2749
  • Article viewed - 6