• Abstract

    This research focuses on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) within China's intangible cultural heritage (CICH) sector and investigates the relationships between employee innovative behavior (EIB), humble leadership (HL), knowledge sharing (KS) and absorptive capacity (AC). It examines how knowledge sharing, as a mediator, impacts EIB, considering the moderating role of AC. This study aims to address the knowledge gap regarding how leadership and knowledge management processes affect individual-level outcomes, such as creative behavior and problem-solving skills. This research is especially vital for the CICH sector in China, as it offers the first systematic exploration of employee innovative behavior in this area. By providing evidence-based management strategies, the study contributes to both theoretical understanding and practical application, supporting the innovation, sustainable growth, and international competitiveness of CICH SMEs. It also offers policymakers empirical insights to nurture the sector, ensuring the preservation and evolution of China's intangible cultural heritage.

  • References

    1. Arshad, M. Z., & Arshad, D. (2018). Intellectual capital and SMEs performance in Pakistan: The role of environmental turbulence. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 22(1).
    2. Arshad, M., & Arshad, D. (2019). Internal capabilities and SMEs performance: A case of textile industry in Pakistan. Management Science Letters, 9(4), 621-628.
    3. Arshad, M. Z., Ahmad, M. J., Ali, M., Khan, W. A., & Arshad, M. (2020). The role of government business support services and absorptive capacity on SMES performance. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(3), 1492-1499.
    4. BBAS, A., Saud, M., Usman, I., & Ekowati, D. (2020). Servant leadership and religiosity: An indicator of employee performance in the education sector. International Journal of Innovation Creativity and Change, 13(4), 391-409.
    5. Akram, T., Lei, S., Haider, M. J., & Hussain, S. T. (2018). Exploring the impact of knowledge sharing on the innovative work behavior of employees: A study in China. International Business Research, 11(3), 186-194. https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v11n3p186
    6. Akgün, A. E., Lynn, G. S., & Byrne, J. C. (2006). Antecedents and consequences of unlearning in new product development teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 23(1), 73-88. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2005.00182.x
    7. Ali, M., Zhang, L., Shah, S. J., Khan, S., & Shah, A. M. (2020). Impact of humble leadership on project success: the mediating role of psychological empowerment and innovative work behavior. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 41(3), 349-367. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-05-2019-0230
    8. Al Wali, J., Muthuveloo, R., & Teoh, A. P. (2022). Unravelling the nexus between creative self-efficacy, humble leadership, innovative work behaviour and job performance amongst physicians in public hospitals. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, 14(4), 706-726. https://doi.org/10.1108/APJBA-05-2021-0205
    9. Ali, M., Li, Z., Khan, S., Shah, S. J., & Ullah, R. (2021). Linking humble leadership and project success: the moderating role of top management support with mediation of team-building. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 14(3), 545-562. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMPB-01-2020-0032
    10. Al-Busaidi, K. A., & Olfman, L. (2017). Knowledge sharing through inter-organizational knowledge sharing systems. VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, 47(1), 110-136. https://doi.org/10.1108/VJIKMS-05-2016-0019
    11. Arcos-Pumarola, J., Paquin, A. G., & Sitges, M. H. (2023). The use of intangible heritage and creative industries as a tourism asset in the UNESCO creative cities network. Heliyon, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13106.
    12. Arshad, M. Z., Arshad, D., Lamsali, H., Alshuaibi, A. S. I., Alshuaibi, M. S. I., Albashar, G., ... & Chuah, L. F. (2023). Strategic resources alignment for sustainability: The impact of innovation capability and intellectual capital on SME's performance. Moderating role of external environment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 417, 137884.
    13. Battistelli, A., Odoardi, C., Vandenberghe, C., Di Napoli, G., & Piccione, L. J. H. R. D. Q. (2019). Information sharing and innovative work behavior: The role of work‐based learning, challenging tasks, and organizational commitment. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 30(3), 361-381. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.21344
    14. Bin Saeed, B., Afsar, B., Shahjeha, A., & Imad Shah, S. (2019). Does transformational leadership foster innovative work behavior? The roles of psychological empowerment, intrinsic motivation, and creative process engagement. Economic research-Ekonomska istraživanja, 32(1), 254-281.https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1556108
    15. Bin Saeed, B., Afsar, B., Shahjeha, A., & Imad Shah, S. (2019). Does transformational leadership foster innovative work behavior? The roles of psychological empowerment, intrinsic motivation, and creative process engagement. Economic research-Ekonomska istraživanja, 32(1), 254-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1556108
    16. Božič, K., & Dimovski, V. (2019). Business intelligence and analytics for value creation: The role of absorptive capacity. International journal of information management, 46, 93-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2018.11.020
    17. Benzidia, S., Makaoui, N., & Subramanian, N. (2021). Impact of ambidexterity of blockchain technology and social factors on new product development: A supply chain and Industry 4.0 perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 169, 120819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2021.120819
    18. Bayighomog Likoum, S. W., Shamout, M. D., Harazneh, I., & Abubakar, A. M. (2020). Market-sensing capability, innovativeness, brand management systems, market dynamism, competitive intensity, and performance: an integrative review. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 11, 593-613. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-018-0561-x
    19. Biedenbach, T., & Müller, R. (2012). Absorptive, innovative and adaptive capabilities and their impact on project and project portfolio performance. International Journal of Project Management, 30(5), 621-635. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.01.016
    20. Badir, Y. F., Frank, B., & Bogers, M. (2020). Employee-level open innovation in emerging markets: linking internal, external, and managerial resources. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 48, 891-913. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-019-00674-6
    21. China Tea Distribution Association. (2021, March 16). China Tea E-commerce Development Report. https://m.ipucha.com/show-11-7756.html.
    22. Cohen, W. M., & Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative science quarterly, 128-152. https://doi.org/10.2307/2393553
    23. Cortes, A. F., & Herrmann, P. (2021). Strategic leadership of innovation: a framework for future research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 23(2), 224-243. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijmr.12246
    24. Camisón, C., & Forés, B. (2010). Knowledge absorptive capacity: New insights for its conceptualization and measurement. Journal of Business Research, 63(7), 707-715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2009.04.022
    25. Crescenzi, R., & Gagliardi, L. (2018). The innovative performance of firms in heterogeneous environments: The interplay between external knowledge and internal absorptive capacities. Research Policy, 47(4), 782-795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2018.02.006
    26. Chiles, A. M., & Zorn, T. E. (1995). Empowerment in organizations: Employees’ perceptions of the influences on empowerment. https://doi.org/10.1080/00909889509365411
    27. Dang, Q., Luo, Z., Ouyang, C., Wang, L., & Xie, M. (2021). Intangible cultural heritage in China: A visual analysis of research hotspots, frontiers, and trends using CiteSpace. Sustainability, 13(17), 9865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179865
    28. Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). Self-determination theory. Handbook of theories of social psychology, 1(20), 416-436.
    29. Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991, January). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In Nebraska symposium on motivation (Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 237-288).
    30. Detert, J. R., & Burris, E. R. (2007). Leadership behavior and employee voice: Is the door really open?. Academy of management journal, 50(4), 869-884. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2007.26279183
    31. Davenport, T. H. (2005). Thinking for a living: how to get better performances and results from knowledge workers. Harvard Business Press.
    32. Darroch, J., & McNaughton, R. (2002). Examining the link between knowledge management practices and types of innovation. Journal of intellectual capital, 3(3), 210-222. https://doi.org/10.1108/14691930210435570
    33. de Zulueta, P. C. (2015). Developing compassionate leadership in health care: an integrative review. Journal of healthcare leadership, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.2147/JHL.S93724
    34. Eva, N., Robin, M., Sendjaya, S., Van Dierendonck, D., & Liden, R. C. (2019). Servant leadership: A systematic review and call for future research. The leadership quarterly, 30(1), 111-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2018.07.004
    35. Ekanem, A. (2017). The Power of Humility. Anthony Ekanem.
    36. Engelman, R. M., Fracasso, E. M., Schmidt, S., & Zen, A. C. (2017). Intellectual capital, absorptive capacity and product innovation. Management Decision, 55(3), 474-490. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-05-2016-0315
    37. Foss, N. J., Husted, K., & Michailova, S. (2010). Governing knowledge sharing in organizations: Levels of analysis, governance mechanisms, and research directions. Journal of Management studies, 47(3), 455-482. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2009.00870.x
    38. Ferreira, J., & Coelho, A. (2020). Dynamic capabilities, innovation and branding capabilities and their impact on competitive advantage and SME's performance in Portugal: the moderating effects of entrepreneurial orientation. International Journal of Innovation Science, 12(3), 255-286. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-10-2018-0108
    39. Flor, M. L., Cooper, S. Y., & Oltra, M. J. (2018). External knowledge search, absorptive capacity and radical innovation in high-technology firms. European Management Journal, 36(2), 183-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2017.08.003
    40. Fosfuri, A., & Tribó, J. A. (2008). Exploring the antecedents of potential absorptive capacity and its impact on innovation performance. Omega, 36(2), 173-187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omega.2006.06.012
    41. Flor, M. L., Cooper, S. Y., & Oltra, M. J. (2018). External knowledge search, absorptive capacity and radical innovation in high-technology firms. European Management Journal, 36(2), 183-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2017.08.003
    42. Fu, Q., Sial, M. S., Arshad, M. Z., Comite, U., Thu, P. A., & Popp, J. (2021). The inter-relationship between innovation capability and SME performance: The moderating role of the external environment. Sustainability, 13(16), 9132.
    43. Gudeta, K. H., & Hailemariam, A. T. (2023). The Cultural and Creative Industries in Ethiopia: A Case of Cultural Lifestyle Items Producer. In Casebook of Indigenous Business Practices in Africa: Apprenticeship, Craft, and Healthcare–Volume 1 (pp. 85-103). Emerald Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80262-251-520231009
    44. Gonçalves, L., & Brandão, F. (2017). The relation between leader’s humility and team creativity: The mediating effect of psychological safety and psychological capital. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 25(4), 687-702. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-06-2016-1036
    45. Grandinetti, R. (2016). Absorptive capacity and knowledge management in small and medium enterprises. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 14(2), 159-168. https://doi.org/10.1057/kmrp.2016.2
    46. Gebauer, H., Worch, H., & Truffer, B. (2012). Absorptive capacity, learning processes and combinative capabilities as determinants of strategic innovation. European management journal, 30(1), 57-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2011.10.004
    47. Gold, A. H., Malhotra, A., & Segars, A. H. (2001). Knowledge management: An organizational capabilities perspective. Journal of management information systems, 18(1), 185-214. https://doi.org/10.1080/07421222.2001.11045669
    48. Hope, N. H., Holding, A. C., Verner-Filion, J., Sheldon, K. M., & Koestner, R. (2019). The path from intrinsic aspirations to subjective well-being is mediated by changes in basic psychological need satisfaction and autonomous motivation: A large prospective test. Motivation and Emotion, 43, 232-241.
    49. Hislop, D., Bosua, R., & Helms, R. (2018). Knowledge management in organizations: A critical introduction. Oxford university press.
    50. Hussein, N., Omar, S., Noordin, F., & Ishak, N. A. (2016). Learning organization culture, organizational performance and organizational innovativeness in a public institution of higher education in Malaysia: A preliminary study. Procedia Economics and Finance, 37, 512-519.https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212- 5671(16)30159-9
    51. Huang, C., & Wang, M. C. (2008). The effects of economic value added and intellectual capital on the market value of firms: An empirical study. International Journal of management, 25(4), 722. https://doi.org/1
    52. Hiebel, N., Rabe, M., Maus, K., Peusquens, F., Radbruch, L., & Geiser, F. (2021). Resilience in adult health science revisited—a narrative review synthesis of process-oriented approaches. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 659395. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.659395
    53. Janssen, O. (2000). Job demands, perceptions of effort‐reward fairness and innovative work behaviour. Journal of Occupational and organizational psychology, 73(3), 287-302. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317900167038
    54. Jansen, J. J., Van Den Bosch, F. A., & Volberda, H. W. (2005). Managing potential and realized absorptive capacity: how do organizational antecedents matter?. Academy of management journal, 48(6), 999-1015. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2005.19573106
    55. Khan, K. U., Atlas, F., Arshad, M. Z., Akhtar, S., & Khan, F. (2022). Signaling green: impact of green product attributes on consumers trust and the mediating role of green marketing. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 790272.
    56. Khan, M. L., Salleh, R., Javaid, M. U., Arshad, M. Z., Saleem, M. S., & Younas, S. (2023). Managing Butterfly Career Attitudes: The Moderating Interplay of Organisational Career Management. Sustainability, 15(6), 5099.
    57. King, W. R., & Marks Jr, P. V. (2008). Motivating knowledge sharing through a knowledge management system. Omega, 36(1), 131-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omega.2005.10.006
    58. Kimmerle, J., Cress, U., & Hesse, F. W. (2007). An interactional perspective on group awareness: Alleviating the information-exchange dilemma (for everybody?). International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 65(11), 899-910. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2007.06.002
    59. Kankanhalli, A., Tan, B. C., & Wei, K. K. (2005). Contributing knowledge to electronic knowledge repositories: An empirical investigation. MIS quarterly, 113-143. https://doi.org/10.2307/25148670
    60. Kamp, B. (2016). Modus operandi of SMEs towards cooperative innovation: evidence from Bizkaia. International Journal of Collaborative Enterprise, 5(3-4), 143-180. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJCENT.2016.082329
    61. Kim, S. Y., & Sahlstein Parcell, E. (2022). Construct-Validating Humility: Perceptions of a Humble Doctor. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 882622. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.882622
    62. Kostopoulos, K., Papalexandris, A., Papachroni, M., & Ioannou, G. (2011). Absorptive capacity, innovation, and financial performance. Journal of business research, 64(12), 1335-1343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2010.12.005
    63. Kobarg, S., Stumpf-Wollersheim, J., & Welpe, I. M. (2018). University-industry collaborations and product innovation performance: The moderating effects of absorptive capacity and innovation competencies. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 43, 1696-1724. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-017-9583-y
    64. Kamaşak, R., & Bulutlar, F. (2010). The influence of knowledge sharing on innovation. European Business Review, 22(3), 306-317. https://doi.org/10.1108/09555341011040994
    65. Liu, S., & Pan, Y. (2023). Exploring Trends in Intangible Cultural Heritage Design: A Bibliometric and Content Analysis. Sustainability, 15(13), 10049. https://doi.org/10.3390/su151310049
    66. Lavelock, C. R., Worthington Jr, E. L., Davis, D. E., Griffin, B. J., Reid, C. A., Hook, J. N., & Van Tongeren, D. R. (2014). The quiet virtue speaks: An intervention to promote humility. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42(1), 99-110. https://doi.org/10.1177/009164711404200111
    67. Liu, S., Lucy Liu, X., Wang, H., & Wang, Y. (2022). Humble leader behavior and its effects on performance at the team and individual level: a multi-perspective study. Group & Organization Management, 47(5), 1008-1041. https://doi.org/10.1177/10596011211024429
    68. Luu, T. T. (2021). Can humble leaders nurture employee well-being? The roles of job crafting and public service motivation. Personnel Review, 50(3), 789-811. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-12-2019-0701
    69. Li, J. (2016). Humility in learning: A Confucian perspective. Journal of Moral Education, 45(2), 147-165. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057240.2016.1168736
    70. Liebowitz, J. (2001). Knowledge management and its link to artificial intelligence. Expert systems with applications, 20(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0957- 4174(00)00044-0
    71. Lichtenthaler, U., & Lichtenthaler, E. (2009). A capability‐based framework for open innovation: Complementing absorptive capacity. Journal of management studies, 46(8), 1315-1338. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2009.00854.x
    72. Lowik, S., Kraaijenbrink, J., & Groen, A. J. (2017). Antecedents and effects of individual absorptive capacity: a micro-foundational perspective on open innovation. Journal of knowledge management, 21(6), 1319-1341. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-09-2016-0410
    73. Luo, H., & Qu, X. (2023). Export Trade, Absorptive Capacity, and High-Quality Economic Development in China. Systems, 11(2), 54. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems11020054
    74. Lowik, S., Kraaijenbrink, J., & Groen, A. J. (2017). Antecedents and effects of individual absorptive capacity: a micro-foundational perspective on open innovation. Journal of knowledge management, 21(6), 1319-1341. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-09-2016-0410
    75. Lichtenthaler, U., & Lichtenthaler, E. (2009). A capability‐based framework for open innovation: Complementing absorptive capacity. Journal of management studies, 46(8), 1315-1338. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2009.00854.x
    76. Malik, S., Arshad, M. Z., Amjad, Z., & Bokhari, A. (2022). An empirical estimation of determining factors influencing public willingness to pay for better air quality. Journal of Cleaner Production, 372, 133574.
    77. Meirun, T., Bano, S., Jafri, S. K. A., Arshad, M. Z., & Javaid, M. U. (2022). Career adaptability as protagonist on contemporary rural migrant workers’ turnover intention: The mediating effect of organization embeddedness and organizational identification. Work, 71(1), 223-234.
    78. Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China. (2021). Measures for the Administration of the National Fund for the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage [314]. Retrieved from https://www.gov.cn/zhengce/zhengceku/2022-02/08/content_5672515.htm’
    79. Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. (2022, July 6). Notice of the "Three Products" Action Plan for the Digitally Enabled Consumer Goods Industry (2022-2025). https://www.gov.cn/zhengce/zhengceku/2022-07/06/content_5699437.htm
    80. Moustaghfir, K., El Fatihi, S., & Benouarrek, M. (2020). Human resource management practices, entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: what is the link?. Measuring Business Excellence, 24(2), 267-283. https://doi.org/10.1108/MBE-12-2019-0119
    81. McDonald, P. (2016). Confucian foundations to leadership: a study of Chinese business leaders across Greater China and South-East Asia. In Leadership in the Asia Pacific (pp. 23-45). Routledge.
    82. Matthews, S. (2018). Remember the Followers: A Look at How Follower Traits Influence the Outcomes of Humble Leadership Behaviors.
    83. Maldonado, T., Vera, D., & Spangler, W. D. (2022). Unpacking humility: Leader humility, leader personality, and why they matter. Business Horizons, 65(2), 125-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2021.02.032
    84. Mohammad, M. T. F., Alajmi, S. A., & Ahmed, E. A. (2018). Motivation factors toward knowledge sharing intentions and attitudes. International Journal of Business Administration, 9(4), 10-126.
    85. Michailova, S., & Hutchings, K. (2006). National cultural influences on knowledge sharing: A comparison of China and Russia. Journal of management studies, 43(3), 383-405. https://doi.org/10.1108/17468800610644988
    86. Morris, J. A., Brotheridge, C. M., & Urbanski, J. C. (2005). Bringing humility to leadership: Antecedents and consequences of leader humility. Human relations, 58(10), 1323-1350. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726705059929
    87. Mittal, S., & Dhar, R. L. (2015). Transformational leadership and employee creativity: mediating role of creative self-efficacy and moderating role of knowledge sharing. Management Decision, 53(5), 894-910. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-07-2014-0464
    88. Mom, T. J., Van Den Bosch, F. A., & Volberda, H. W. (2007). Investigating managers' exploration and exploitation activities: The influence of top‐down, bottom‐up, and horizontal knowledge inflows. Journal of management studies, 44(6), 910-931. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2007.00697.x
    89. March, J. G. (1991). Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organization science, 2(1), 71-87. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.2.1.71
    90. Martinkenaite, I., & Breunig, K. J. (2016). The emergence of absorptive capacity through micro–macro level interactions. Journal of Business Research, 69(2), 700-708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.08.020
    91. Mowery, D. C., Oxley, J. E., & Silverman, B. S. (1996). Strategic alliances and interfirm knowledge transfer. Strategic management journal, 17(S2), 77-91. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.4250171108
    92. Mahmood, T., & Mubarik, M. S. (2020). Balancing innovation and exploitation in the fourth industrial revolution: Role of intellectual capital and technology absorptive capacity. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 160, 120248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120248
    93. Ma, F., Khan, F., Khan, K. U., & XiangYun, S. (2021). Investigating the impact of information technology, absorptive capacity, and dynamic capabilities on firm performance: An empirical study. Sage Open, 11(4), 21582440211061388. https://doi.org/10.1177/215824402110613.
    94. Mujeeb, T., Khan, N. U., Obaid, A., Yue, G., Bazkiaei, H. A., & Samsudin, N. A. (2021). Do servant leadership self-efficacy and benevolence values predict employee performance within the banking industry in the post-COVID-19 era: Using a serial mediation approach. Administrative Sciences, 11(4), 114.
    95. Naseem, S., Guang Ji, T., Kashif, U., & Arshad, M. Z. (2021). Causal analysis of the dynamic link between energy growth and environmental quality for agriculture sector: a piece of evidence from India. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 23, 7913-7930.
    96. Nielsen, R., Marrone, J. A., & Ferraro, H. S. (2013). Leading with humility. Routledge.
    97. Nickerson, J. A., & Zenger, T. R. (2004). A knowledge-based theory of the firm—The problem-solving perspective. Organization science, 15(6), 617-632.https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.502282
    98. Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creating. New York, 304.
    99. Nonaka, I., & Toyama, R. (2003). The knowledge-creating theory revisited: knowledge creation as a synthesizing process. Knowledge management research & practice, 1(1), 2-10.https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.kmrp.8500001
    100. Nooteboom, B., Van Haverbeke, W., Duysters, G., Gilsing, V., & Van den Oord, A. (2007). Optimal cognitive distance and absorptive capacity. Research policy, 36(7), 1016-1034. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2007.04.003
    101. Owens, B. P., Johnson, M. D., & Mitchell, T. R. (2013). Expressed humility in organizations: Implications for performance, teams, and leadership. Organization Science, 24(5), 1517-1538. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1120.0795
    102. Owens, B. P., & Hekman, D. R. (2012). Modeling how to grow: An inductive examination of humble leader behaviors, contingencies, and outcomes. Academy of Management journal, 55(4), 787-818. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2010.0441
    103. Owens, B. P., & Hekman, D. R. (2016). How does leader humility influence team performance? Exploring the mechanisms of contagion and collective promotion focus. Academy of Management journal, 59(3), 1088-1111. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2013.0660
    104. Ou, A. Y., Tsui, A. S., Kinicki, A. J., Waldman, D. A., Xiao, Z., & Song, L. J. (2014). Humble chief executive officers’ connections to top management team integration and middle managers’ responses. Administrative science quarterly, 59(1), 34-72. https://doi.org/10.1177/0001839213520131
    105. Peng, A. C., Wang, B., Schaubroeck, J. M., & Gao, R. (2020). Can humble leaders get results? The indirect and contextual influences of skip-level leaders. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 27(4), 329-339. https://doi.org/10.1177/1548051820952402
    106. Phang, C. W., Kankanhalli, A., & Sabherwal, R. (2009). Usability and sociability in online communities: A comparative study of knowledge seeking and contribution. Journal of the association for Information Systems, 10(10), 2. https://doi.org/10.17705/1jais.00210
    107. Patterson, W., & Ambrosini, V. (2015). Configuring absorptive capacity as a key process for research intensive firms. Technovation, 36, 77-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2014.10.003
    108. Patel, P. C., Terjesen, S., & Li, D. (2012). Enhancing effects of manufacturing flexibility through operational absorptive capacity and operational ambidexterity. Journal of Operations Management, 30(3), 201-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2011.10.004
    109. Prati, G., & Zani, B. (2013). The effect of the Fukushima nuclear accident on risk perception, antinuclear behavioral intentions, attitude, trust, environmental beliefs, and values. Environment and behavior, 45(6), 782-798. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916512444286
    110. Paul, H., Bamel, U. K., & Garg, P. (2016). Employee resilience and OCB: Mediating effects of organizational commitment. Vikalpa, 41(4), 308-324. https://doi.org/10.1177/0256090916672765
    111. Qian, X., Zhang, M., & Jiang, Q. (2020). Leader humility, and subordinates’ organizational citizenship behavior and withdrawal behavior: Exploring the mediating mechanisms of subordinates’ psychological capital. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(7), 2544. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072544
    112. Qammach, N. I. J. (2016). The mediating role of knowledge sharing on relationship between IT capability and IT support as predictors of innovation Performance: An Empirical Study on Mobile Companies in Iraq. Procedia Economics and Finance, 39, 562-570. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(16)30300-8
    113. Greenleaf, R. K. (1979). Servant leadership: A journey into the nature of legitimate power and greatness. Business Horizons, 22(3), 91-92.
    114. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: Classic definitions and new directions. Contemporary educational psychology, 25(1), 54-67.https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.68
    115. Rosen, B., Furst, S., & Blackburn, R. (2007). Overcoming barriers to knowledge sharing in virtual teams. Organizational dynamics, 36(3), 259-273.
    116. Razmerita, L., Kirchner, K., & Nielsen, P. (2016). What factors influence knowledge sharing in organizations? A social dilemma perspective of social media communication. Journal of knowledge Management, 20(6), 1225-1246. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-03-2016-0112
    117. Ramayah, T., Soto-Acosta, P., Kheng, K. K., & Mahmud, I. (2020). Developing process and product innovation through internal and external knowledge sources in manufacturing Malaysian firms: the role of absorptive capacity. Business Process Management Journal, 26(5), 1021-1039. https://doi.org/10.1108/BPMJ-11-2019-0453
    118. Roberts, N., Galluch, P. S., Dinger, M., & Grover, V. (2012). Absorptive capacity and information systems research: Review, synthesis, and directions for future research. MIS quarterly, 625-648. https://doi.org/10.2307/41703470.
    119. Salleh, S. S. M. M., Zubair, M. F., & Hamzah, A. W. (2018). Gender differences in leadership styles and its impact on employees’ motivation. International Journal of Management and Business Research, 8(2), 86-97.
    120. Santoro, G., Bresciani, S., & Papa, A. (2020). Collaborative modes with cultural and creative industries and innovation performance: the moderating role of heterogeneous sources of knowledge and absorptive capacity. Technovation, 92, 102040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2018.06.003
    121. Sjödin, D., Frishammar, J., & Thorgren, S. (2019). How individuals engage in the absorption of new external knowledge: A process model of absorptive capacity. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 36(3), 356-380. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpim.12482
    122. Smircich, L., & Morgan, G. (1982). Leadership: The management of meaning. The Journal of applied behavioral science, 18(3), 257-273. https://doi.org/10.1177/002188638201800303
    123. Song, C., Park, K. R., & Kang, S. W. (2015). Servant leadership and team performance: The mediating role of knowledge-sharing climate. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 43(10), 1749-1760. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2015.43.10.1749
    124. Sadq, Z. M., Ahmad, B. S., & Jwmaa, S. J. (2019). The role of empowerment strategies in achieving organizational effectiveness (An analytical study of managers’ views in a sample of private banks in Erbil/Iraq). International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 5(3), 110.
    125. Scott, K. (2019). Radical candor: fully revised & updated edition: be a kick-ass boss without losing your humanity. St. Martin's Press.
    126. SHUHUI, A. N. (2012). EATING THE HUMBLE PIE: A NON-DEFENSIVE RESPONSE TO FAILURES.
    127. Schildt, H., Keil, T., & Maula, M. (2012). The temporal effects of relative and firm‐level absorptive capacity on interorganizational learning. Strategic management journal, 33(10), 1154-1173. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.1963
    128. Scuotto, V., & Morellato, M. (2013). Entrepreneurial knowledge and digital competence: Keys for a success of student entrepreneurship. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 4, 293-303. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-013-0155-6
    129. Sahoo, C. K., Behera, N., & Tripathy, S. K. (2010). Employee empowerment and individual commitment: An analysis from integrative review of research. Employment Relations Record, 10(1), 40-56.
    130. Toffler, A. (2022). Powershift: Knowledge, wealth, and power at the edge of the 21st century. Bantam.
    131. Tian, X., Liu, C., Zou, G., Li, G., Kong, L., & Li, P. (2015). Positive resources for combating job burnout among Chinese telephone operators: Resilience and psychological empowerment. Psychiatry research, 228(3), 411-415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.073
    132. Ukpabio, M. G., Adeyeye, A. D., & Oluwatope, O. B. (2016). Absorptive capacity and product innovation: new evidence from Nigeria. Innovation and Development, 6(2), 213-233. https://doi.org/10.1080/2157930X.2016.1215801
    133. Van Zoonen, W., Verhoeven, J. W., & Vliegenthart, R. (2017). Understanding the consequences of public social media use for work. European Management Journal, 35(5), 595-605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2017.07.006
    134. Valentim, L., Lisboa, J. V., & Franco, M. (2016). Knowledge management practices and absorptive capacity in small and medium‐sized enterprises: is there really a linkage?. R&D Management, 46(4), 711-725. https://doi.org/10.1111/radm.12108
    135. Wright, J. C., Nadelhoffer, T., Perini, T., Langville, A., Echols, M., & Venezia, K. (2017). The psychological significance of humility. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 12(1), 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2016.1167940
    136. Wu, Y., Lu, Y., & Zhu, Z. (2021). Market demand analysis for intangible cultural heritage creative products. China University Humanities and Social Sciences Information Network. [Subject category: Economics—Business Economics]. https://www.sinoss.net/c/2021-08-18/566434.shtml
    137. Wang, Y., Liu, J., & Zhu, Y. (2018). Humble leadership, psychological safety, knowledge sharing, and follower creativity: a cross-level investigation. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 1727. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01727
    138. Wang, Z., Wang, N., & Liang, H. (2014). Knowledge sharing, intellectual capital and firm performance. Management decision, 52(2), 230-258. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-02-2013-0064
    139. Woodman, R. W., Sawyer, J. E., & Griffin, R. W. (1993). Toward a theory of organizational creativity. Academy of management review, 18(2), 293-321. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.1993.3997517
    140. Wang, J., Zhang, Z., & Jia, M. (2017). Understanding how leader humility enhances employee creativity: The roles of perspective taking and cognitive reappraisal. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 53(1), 5-31. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021886316678907
    141. Wang, C., & Han, Y. (2011). Linking properties of knowledge with innovation performance: the moderate role of absorptive capacity. Journal of knowledge management, 15(5), 802-819. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673271111174339
    142. Ye, P., Liu, L., & Tan, J. (2022). Creative leadership, innovation climate and innovation behaviour: the moderating role of knowledge sharing in management. European Journal of Innovation Management, 25(4), 1092-1114. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-05-2020-0199
    143. Yu, X., Li, D., Tsai, C. H., & Wang, C. (2019). The role of psychological capital in employee creativity. Career Development International, 24(5), 420-437. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-04-2018-0103
    144. Yang, J. T. (2010). Antecedents and consequences of knowledge sharing in international tourist hotels. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29(1), 42-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2009.05.004
    145. Zheng, N. (2023, June 12). Intangible cultural heritage: Trendy and contemporary, People's Daily Overseas Edition, p.07. http://bit.ly/paper.people.com.cn/rmrbhwb/ content_25995243.htm
    146. Zhang, X., Zhang, M., & Wang, R. (2022, July 8). Notice on Promoting High-Quality Inheritance and Development of Traditional Crafts. China Tourism News. http://www.ctnews.com.cn/gdsy/content/2022-07/08/content_126726.html.
    147. Zhang, W., & Liu, W. (2019). Leader humility and taking charge: the role of OBSE and leader prototypicality. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2515. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02515
    148. Zhang, X., & Bartol, K. M. (2010). Linking empowering leadership and employee creativity: The influence of psychological empowerment, intrinsic motivation, and creative process engagement. Academy of management journal, 53(1), 107-128. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2010.48037118
    149. Zahra, S. A., & George, G. (2002). Absorptive capacity: A review, reconceptualization, and extension. Academy of management review, 27(2), 185-203. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2002.6587995
    150. Zhao, S., Jiang, Y., Peng, X., & Hong, J. (2021). Knowledge sharing direction and innovation performance in organizations: do absorptive capacity and individual creativity matter?. European Journal of Innovation Management, 24(2), 371-394. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-09-2019-0244

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Malque Publishing

How to cite

Ming Di, J., Hafit, N. I. A., & Mohamed, S. (2024). The relationship between humble leadership and employee innovative behavior in Chinese Intangible Cultural Heritage (CICH) SMEs: Mediated-moderating effect of knowledge sharing and absorptive capacity. Multidisciplinary Reviews, 7(6), 2024114. https://doi.org/10.31893/multirev.2024114
  • Article viewed - 200
  • PDF downloaded - 117