• Abstract

    This research delves into the pressing issue of indigenous peoples' livelihoods in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, highlighting the imminent threat they face. The study underscores the urgent need for government intervention to safeguard the rights of indigenous communities, which are consistently eroded in the name of development. This erosion stems from government-sanctioned land concessions, biased policies, and the involvement of capital interests, all of which disproportionately affect indigenous groups. Employing an ethnographic approach, the research aims to elucidate the intricate dynamics at the nexus of gender, indigenous identity, and environmental justice. Through extensive interviews and observations, the study examines the distinct roles played by indigenous women in forest conservation and community sustainability. It challenges stereotypes portraying indigenous communities as underdeveloped or backward, emphasizing their agency and rejecting their characterization as mere beneficiaries of development. Consequently, indigenous peoples face dwindling access to resources, shrinking livelihood options, and the erosion of traditional knowledge, all while their rights remain largely unrecognized. The findings contribute significantly to the discourse on indigenous rights, particularly highlighting the indispensable role of women in environmental preservation. The research advocates for a more inclusive and equitable approach to natural resource management in Indonesia, emphasizing the need for policies that respect and uphold indigenous rights.

  • References

    1. Affonso, H., Fraser, J. A., Nepomuceno, Í., Torres, M., & Medeiros, M. (2024). Exploring food sovereignty among Amazonian peoples: Brazil's national school feeding programme in Oriximiná, Pará state. The Journal of Peasant Studies. 10.1080/03066150.2024.2310149
    2. Ameneshewa, W., Kebede, Y., Unbushe, D., & Legesse, A. (2023). Indigenous knowledge and forest management practices among Shekachoo people in the Sheka Biosphere Reserve A case of Shato core area, South-west Ethiopia. Cogent Social Sciences. 9(2). 10.1080/23311886.2023.2275937
    3. Astuti, R., & McGregor, A. (2016). Indigenous land claims or green grabs? Inclusions and eclusions within forest carbon politics in Indonesia. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 44(2), 445-466. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2016.1197908
    4. Baruah, B., & Biskupski-Mujanovic, S. (2023). Indigenous women's employment in natural resource industries in Canada: Patterns, barriers and opportunities. Women’s Studies International Forum, 99. DOI: 10.1016/j.wsif.2023.102784
    5. Benjamin, G. (2016). Indigenous peoples: Indigeneity, indigeny or indigenism? Routledge Handbook of Asian Law, (January), 362–377. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315660547
    6. Berger, D. N. (Ed.) (2019). Indigenous World 2019. Denmark: The International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA).
    7. Cleary, M. (1997). Devise and rule: Colonial constructions of the Borneo Dayak c.1860-1920. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 17(1), 15–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9493.1996.tb00081.x
    8. Fontana, L. B. (2014). Indigenous peoples vs peasant unions: land conflicts and rural movements in plurinational Bolivia. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 41(3), 297-319. Doi: 10.1080/03066150.2014.906404
    9. Foster, M. G. (1973). Traditional Societies and Technological Change. Delhi: Allied Publishers.
    10. Fujiwara, E. (2020). The Impact of the Oil Palm on Adat Social Structure and Authority: The Case of the Medang People, Indonesia. The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 21(2), 140-158. Doi: 10.1080/14442213.2020.1734069
    11. Hanley, D., & Davidson, J. S. (2008). In the Name of Adat: Regional Perspective on Reform, Tradition, and Democracy in Indonesia. Modern Asian Studies, 42(4),815-852. Doi: 10.1017/S0026749X07003083
    12. Haug, M. (2014). Resistance, Ritual Purification and Mediation: Tracing a Dayak Community’s Sixteen-Year Search for Justice in East Kalimantan. Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 15(4), 357–375. https://doi.org/10.1080/14442213.2014.927522
    13. Kepkiewicz, L., & Dale, B. (2018). Keeping ‘our’ land: property, agriculture and tensions between Indigenous and settler vision of food severeignty in Canada. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 46(5), 983-1002. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2018.1439929
    14. Mulyoutami, E., Rismawan, R., & Joshi, L. (2009). Local knowledge and management of simpukng (forest gardens) among the Dayak people in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management, 257, 2054-2061. Doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.042
    15. Niko, N. (2018). Perempuan Dayak Benawan: Kedudukan pada Sturuktur Domestik dan Publik. Yogyakarta: Deepublish.
    16. Niko, N. (2020). Gender Struggle: What Can We Learn from the Dayak Benawan Women? Asia Social Issues, 13(2), 269-292.
    17. Niko, N. (2021). Poor and Hunger: How Do Indigenous Peoples’ Respond to COVID-19 in Indonesia? Journal of Community Development Research (Humanities and Social Sciences), 14(1), 81-92.
    18. Niko, N. (2022). Perempuan Adat dan Kemiskinan: Pengalaman, Dilema, dan Tantangan dalam Penelitian Etnografi. Antropologi Indonesia, 43(1), 7.
    19. Niko, N., Widianingsih, I., Sulaeman, M., and Fedryansyah, M. (2024). Indigenous Women’s Connection to Forest: Colonialism, Lack of Land Ownership and Livelihood Deprivations of Dayak Benawan in Indonesia. Feminist Encounters: A Journal of Critical Studies in Culture and Politics, 8(1), 22. https://doi.org/10.20897/femenc/14233
    20. Pergub Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. (2019). Peraturan Gubernur Kalimantan Barat Nomor 39 Tahun 2019, Tentang Pencegahan dan Penanggulangan Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan. Retrieved from: https://jdih.kalbarprov.go.id/peraturan/pencegahan-dan-penanggulangan-kebakaran-hutan-dan-lahan
    21. Perda Kabupaten Sanggau Nomor 1 Tahun 2017 Tentang Pengakuan dan Perlindungan Masyarakat Hukum Adat. Retrieved from: https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Details/54925/perda-kab-sanggau-no-1-tahun-2017
    22. Richman, K. D. Women. (2002). Poverty, and Domestic Violence: Perceptions of Court and Legal Aid Effectiveness. Sociological Inquiry, 72(2), 318-344.
    23. Roth, H. L. (1892). The Natives of Borneo. Part I. The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 21: 110–137.
    24. Shiva, V., & Shiva, M. (1991). India’s human guinea pigs: Human v. property right. Science as Culture, 2(1), 59-81. https://doi.org/10.1080/09505439109526292
    25. Sobeiro, T. (2015). Can urban migration contribute to rural resistance? Indigenous mobilization in the Middle Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 42(6), 1241-1261. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2014.993624
    26. Suiseeya, K. R. M., Zanotti, L., & Haapala, K. (2021). Navigating the spaces between human right and justice: cultivating Indigenous representation in global environmental governance. The Journal of Peasant Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2020.1835869
    27. Sunker, A., Saraswati, A., & Santosa, Y. (2019). Indigenous Dayak People’s Perceptions of Wildlife Loss and Gain Related to Oil Palm Development. International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, 13(2), 37-42. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2571883
    28. Tanasaldy, T. (2012). Ethnic conflict and politics. in Book Regime Change and Ethnic Politics in Indonesia. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1163/j.ctvbnm4q8.10.
    29. White, B., & White, J. (2011). The gendered politics of dispossession: oil palm expansion in a Dayak Hibun community in West Kalimantan , Indonesia Global Land Grabbing. International Conference on Global Land Grabbing 6-8 April 2011, (April).
    30. White, B., Borras, S. M., Hall, R., Scoones, I., & Wolford, W. (2012). The new enclosures: critical perspectives on corporate land deals. Journal of Peasant Studies, 39(3–4), 619–647. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2012.691879
    31. Widianingsih, I., McIntyre, J. J., Rakasiwi, U. S., Iskandar, G. H., & Wirawan, R. (2022). Indigenous Sundanese Leadership: Eco-Systemic Lessons on Zero Emissions: A conversation with Indigenous leaders in Ciptagelar, West Java. In Systemic Practice and Action Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11213-022-09606-y
    32. McIntyre-Mills, J. J., Lethole, P., Makaulule, M., Wirawan, R., Widianingsih, I., & Romm, N. (2023). Towards eco-systemic living: learning with Indigenous leaders in Africa and Indonesia through a community of practice: implication for climate change and pandemics. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 40(5), 779-786. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/sres.2976
    33. Wilson, C. (2013). ‘Ethnic Outbidding’ for Patronage: The 2010 Riots in Tarakan, Indonesia. South East Asian Research, 21(1), 105-129. https://doi.org/10.5367/sear.2013.0135
    34. Witter, R., Suiseeya, K. R. M., Gruby, R. L., Hitchner, S., Maclin, E. M., Bourque, M., and Brosius, J. P. (2015). Moments of influence in global environmental governance. Environmental Politics, 24(6), 894-912. https://doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2015.1060036
    35. World Bank, IFAD dan FAO. (2009). Gender and Agriculture Sourcebook. Washington D.C. World Bank.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Malque Publishing

How to cite

Niko, N., Widianingsih, I., Sulaeman, M., & Fedryansyah, M. (2024). Indigenous women, forest, and the battle for livelihood rights of Dayak Benawan in Indonesia. Multidisciplinary Reviews, 7(8), 2024160. https://doi.org/10.31893/multirev.2024160
  • Article viewed - 195
  • PDF downloaded - 56