This section discusses a social conflict that emerged in Pati, Central Java, Indonesia, sparked by the expansion plans of cement factories in the region. The conflict revolved around contrasting perspectives on environmental preservation, social harmony, economic interests, and sustainability. The clash of values led to protests, legal battles, and a deep-rooted conflict that persisted for years. The analysis explores the factors contributing to the conflict, the roles of social institutions in conflict resolution, and the broader implications for sustainable development and community engagement. The section also emphasizes the importance of understanding and addressing social conflicts in the context of contemporary state concepts and community dynamics.