One important factor in determining economic expansion is the efficiency of the banking sector. Banks borrow funds from investors who promote general growth in the economy and invest it as deposits. Directly channelling funds and taking part in economic activity is a recent phenomenon in the banking sector. As a result, scholars and researchers are becoming increasingly concerned about bank profitability and how it affects economic growth. To better understand various research communities who published this particular academic research, this article will look at them. This study used the VOSviewer application to conduct bank financial performance and science mapping analysis by extracting the data from the Scopus online database. We examined and visualized bibliometric data from 1057 banking publications published over 38 years (1971-2021). We present the top journals, authors, coauthors by country, keyword occurrence, cocitation analysis, and annual trend of published financial performance publications in banking. The results of this study may help bank managers and shareholders better understand the performance of their institutions. In the meantime, academic scholars and students can discover conclusions and recommendations to study the banking sector.