This research article delves into the formidable obstacles and struggles that indigenous people encounter as they strive for their rights within the framework of international law. Its broad objective is to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the rights indigenous communities demand in contrast to the rights available to them at the international level. The paper focuses on three fundamental rights actively sought by indigenous peoples: indigenous sovereignty, right to self-determination, and democratic rights. To commence, the paper undertakes a thorough examination of the concept of sovereignty and its pertinence to indigenous communities. It analyzes the nature and extent of indigenous sovereignty, considering how the ongoing debate on sovereignty influences the calls for indigenous self-governance. Additionally, it critically evaluates the associated rights that are intrinsically linked to indigenous sovereignty. Following this, the paper explores the notion of self-determination and investigates the interpretations and aspirations of indigenous peoples with regard to this right. It also scrutinizes the right to self-determination within the specific context of indigenous communities. Subsequently, the paper delves into the democratic rights of indigenous peoples as prescribed under international law. It emphasizes the challenges and prospects involved in ensuring democratic participation and representation for indigenous communities. By comprehensively exploring these crucial facets, the authors aim to provide valuable insights into the challenges faced by indigenous peoples in asserting their sovereignty, self-determination, and democratic rights. Moreover, the research also endeavours to contribute to the existing discourse on indigenous rights, shedding light on the evolving nature of international law and its feasibility to address the concerns and aspirations of indigenous communities.