Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology <p><strong>Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology (ISSN 2318-1265)</strong> is an international peer-reviewed open-access journal devoted to publishing papers about Animal Biometeorology, Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare, published quarterly online by <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-content="" data-type="external">Malque Publishing</a></strong>.</p> <p><strong>High Visibility:</strong> indexed by the Web of Science (ESCI), Scopus and SCImago Journal Rank, CAB international, Google Scholar, AGRIS, ASFA, Latindex, <a href="" target="_self">among others</a>. Currently is under evaluation for Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE, Web of Science).</p> <p><strong>Rapid Publication:</strong> manuscripts are peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors approximately 17-25 days after submission; acceptance to publication is undertaken in 3-5 days (median values for papers published in this journal in the first half of 2021).</p> <p><strong>Open Access</strong> free for readers, with Article Processing Charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions. </p> <p><em><strong>Acceptance rate (2021):</strong> </em><strong><em>44%</em> </strong></p> en-US (João Souza-Junior) (JABB Team) Wed, 04 May 2022 11:08:14 +0000 OJS 60 The avifauna of two High Atlas valleys: breeding assemblages in forest stands and open lands <p>In this study, we surveyed the diversity and distribution of breeding birds in dominating habitat of Central High Atlas valleys and principal governing factors. In the point-counts method with 170 sampling points from 2018 to 2019, richness parameters and multivariate analysis were used to assess the distribution of recorded birds. We recorded 92 breeding birds of migrants (34%) and residents (68%), belonging to 34 families and 13 orders. The families of Muscicapidae (13 species), Fringillidae (8 species), and Accipitridae (7 species) were the most abundant, while the Regulidae, Malaconotidae, Acrocephalidae, Cettiidae, Pycnonotidae, Cinclidae, Oriolidae, Laniidae, Phylloscopidae, Troglodytidae, Meropidae, Coraciidae, Cuculidae, Caprimulgidae, Upupidae, and Ciconiidae, were the less observed with one bird species each. One species of conservation concern, namely the globally vulnerable Turtle dove, was recorded. On the other hand, Statistical analysis showed that bird richness was similar among forest stands, while abundance differed significantly. In contrast, both richness and abundance were statistically different among open habitats. Further, 46 species were found in Juniper stand surrounded by agricultural fields, followed by 30 species in Holm Oak stands where the density of trees, shrubs, and canopy coverage were higher, while in Black poplar stands characterised by higher trees and shrubs, and high availability of water hosted only 20 species. Rare and accidental birds dominate the forest and open lands, demonstrating the vulnerability of these habitats. This study could serve as a great reference for comparative studies of interesting birds on both slopes of the Mediterranean.</p> Mohamed Mounir, Mohamed Dakki, Ikram Douini, El-Mostafa Benka , Ouibimah Abdessamad, Ayoub Nouri, Ismail Mansouri, Soumaya Hammada Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Productive, physiological and behavioral sheep profiles housed on facilities with different roofs in the Amazon region <p>The Brazilian Amazon region is characterized by high rainfall, with high temperatures and relative humidity, where sheep are raised in extensive and semi-intensive systems and some regions. This work aimed to evaluate the climatic indices of sheepfolds in the Amazon region, the productive performance, and physiological variables of Santa Inês sheep confined in sheepfolds with fiber cement (FC) and polyvinyl chloride (PC) tiles. Twenty castrated males of Santa Inês sheep were used, with a mean age of 1.5±0.2 years old and a live weight of 23±2.1 kg. The statistical design used was a completely randomized design with two roofs (FC and PC). The temperature, relative humidity of the air, temperature index of the black globe, and thermal radiation load was above the comfort zone for sheep, being higher (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.05) in the sheepfold with PVC tile than FC, which contributed to the increase in respiratory rate, as a way to maintain the animals' homeotherm. Furthermore, sheep installed in the sheepfold with FC tile showed the highest weight gain, spent more time feeding, increased feeding efficiency, dry matter and fiber intake, reducing daily water intake.</p> Jackson Rômulo de Sousa Leite, Dermeval Araújo Furtado, Neila Lidiany Ribeiro, José Pinheiro Lopes Neto, Tiago Gonçalves Pereira Araújo Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology Fri, 03 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of housing air temperature on the behavioural acts, physiological parameters and performance responses of fattening pigs <p>The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of housing air temperature on the behavioural acts, physiological parameters and performance responses of fattening pigs. Animals were randomly allocated to 3 groups with 30 heads in each. During eight weeks of fattening, the animals of the two experimental groups were subjected to long-term technological temperature stress, provoked by a significant deviation of the microclimate parameters. The first control group of animals was kept following the Departmental Norms for Technological Design - Agro-Industrial Complex - 02.05 «Pig-breeding enterprises (complexes, farms, small farms)» at an air temperature of +17…+21 °C; pigs of the second experimental group were kept at a temperature of - +5…+8 °C, and the third experimental group - +28…+31 °C. During the experiment, the timing of behavioural acts and their index assessment, physiological parameters and productive characteristics of fattening pigs were studied. The experiment results showed that the thermoneutral zone for fattening pigs is + 17… + 21 °C. Animals 2nd experimental group showed less movement (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.001), used huddling for decreasing body heat loss, more feed intake (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.01), which increased its conversion, had reduced HR, RR, RT. Pigs of the 3rd experimental group showed increased movement (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.001). This can be explained by their desire to find a cool place and rest lying on the side, consuming more water, having high HR, RR, and RT, showing signs of hyperthermia and were characterized by low-performance responses.</p> Anna Lykhach, Vadym Lykhach, Roman Mylostyvyi, Yevhen Barkar, Mykola Shpetny, Olena Izhboldina Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology Tue, 28 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Physiological adaptability of pregnant doe Kacang goats in a dry-land-area of Indonesia <p>The objective of the present study was to evaluate the physiological adaptability of pregnant doe Kacang goats in a dryland area of Indonesia. Thirty pregnant doe Kacang goats aged 2-3 years were observed. The rearing system was semi-intensive without giving concentrated feeds. Local grasses and legumes such as <em>Leucaena leucocephala</em> leaves, <em>Gliricidia sepium</em> leaves, <em>Sesbania grandiflora</em> leaves, and drinking water were offered <em>ad libitum</em>. Experimental data such as respiration rate, rectal temperature, adaptability coefficient, heart rate, and heat tolerance coefficient, were collected during 2-3 months of gestation. The mean and standard deviation were calculated using a descriptive analysis method. The average humidity in the morning and afternoon and the ambient temperature in the middle of the day were outside the normal range. The THI value indicates that the experimental animals are under medium heat stress. The average values of HTC, AC, RT, HR, and RR were still typical for goats. In conclusion, although the average ambient temperature at midday and humidity in the morning and afternoon were outside of the normal range, they did not cause any effects on feed and water intake, health, and fetus growth and development of pregnant doe Kacang goats. This happened because the Kacang goat is a local breed that can adapt well to extreme environments. Therefore, pregnant doe Kacang goats in Malaka District can be allowed to graze in the paddock throughout the day and housed at night.</p> Veronika Yuneriti Beyleto, Nurcholidah Solihati, Denie Heriyadi, Dedi Rahmat Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology Fri, 03 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Circus Animal Welfare: analysis through a five-domain approach <p>This study aims to review the current available literature regarding circus animals from the perspective of the five domains proposed for evaluating animal welfare to identify the critical points in the use of these animals and understand how circus spectacles affect their mental state and health. Exhibiting animals in circuses continues to be a popular practice today in some countries such as Germany, Spain, or Australia. However, animals’ biological needs are not always prioritized due to the inadequate diets, reduced housing spaces, deficient social interaction, and handling that predisposes them to develop stereotypies and alter mental states due to chronic stress. Animal circuses are considered a controversial practice that can decrease the welfare of animals. Understanding the possible negative consequences on animal welfare (mental state and physical health) could contribute to planning strategies to improve the quality of life of wildlife animals exhibited in circuses worldwide.</p> Daniel Mota-Rojas Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology Wed, 04 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000