• Abstract

    This experiment was aimed to determine the best strategies for alleviating the detrimental effects of heat stress by feed restriction (FR) in hot times and dietary supplementation with Vit.+Min. (vitamins and minerals) by their impacts on growth parameters, mortality rate, serum biochemistry indices and carcass traits of broiler under summer conditions in the open-sided house. A total of 420 broilers of Ross 308 (unsexed 7-day-old) were equally divided into 7 treatments (T). Throughout the experiment, chicks in T1 (control) fed ad libitum on basal diets, FR was applied in T2, T3 and T4 as followed 2, 3, 4 hours (h) without feeding respectively. Supplemental vitamin C (Vit.C) + vitamin E (Vit.E) + chromium (Cr) + zinc (Zn) as followed 100+100+0.5+50 (T5), 150+150+1.0+75 (T6), 200+200+1.5+100 (T7) mg/kg diet respectively. It was found that FR and feed additives improved body weight, weight gain, and significantly decreased feed conversion, mortality rate, and abdominal fat of stressed broiler. Applying FR (3, 4 h) and supplementation with Vit.+Min. (T6, T7) significantly increased total serum protein and statically decreased total serum cholesterol. Overall results conducted that FR for 3 h (T3) and dietary supplementation (T7) have the most significant results which indicate the vital role of FR and supplementation with Vit.+Min. in stressed broilers.

  • References

    1. Abdel-Hafeez HM, Saleh E S, Tawfeek SS, Youssef IM, Abdel-Daim AS (2017) Effects of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic with and without feed restriction on performance, hematological indices and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences 30:672-682.
    2. Abu-Dieyeh ZHM (2006) Effect of chronic heat stress and long-term feed restriction on broiler performance. International Journal of Poultry Science 5:185-190.
    3. Ali N, Akram M, Fahim A, Singh B, Imran M (2018) Effect of dietary supplementation of vitamin E, zinc and chromium supplementation on growth performance and hematological characteristics of broiler chickens. Indian Journal of Animal Research 52:574-578.
    4. Association of Analytical Communities, A.O.A.C (2005) Official methods of analysis of AOAC International 18th ed. Gaithersburg MD: AOAC International.
    5. Attia YA, Al-Harthi MA, El-Shafey AS, Rehab YA, Kim WK (2017) Enhancing tolerance of broiler chickens to heat stress by supplementation with vitamin E, vitamin C and/or probiotics. Annals of Animal Science 17:1155-1169.
    6. Attia YA, Hassan RA, Tag El‐Din AE, Abou‐Shehema BM (2011) Effect of ascorbic acid or increasing metabolizable energy level with or without supplementation of some essential amino acids on productive and physiological traits of slow‐growing chicks exposed to chronic heat stress. Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 95:744-755.‏
    7. Azis A, Berliana S, Afriani (2019) Effects of feeding time restriction during the whole rearing period on the growth performance of broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science 18:14-20.
    8. Barbour EK, Tayeb I, Shaib H, Ibrahim IM (2010) Physiological and carcass traits in heat-stressed broilers differing in heat acclimatization, chemical or feed restriction treatments. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 1:65-74.
    9. Boostani A, Ashayerizadeh A, Mahmoodian FH, Kamalzadeh A (2010) Comparison of the effects of several feed restriction periods to control ascites on performance, carcass characteristics and hematological indices of broiler chickens. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola 12:171-177.
    10. Bottje W, Pumford NR, Ojano-Dirain C, Iqbal M, Lassiter K (2006) Feed efficiency and mitochondrial function. Poultry Science 85:8-14.
    11. Cheng K, Song ZH, Zheng XC, Zhang H, Zhang JF, Zhang LL, Zhou YM, Wang T (2017) Effects of dietary vitamin E type on the growth performance and antioxidant capacity in cyclophosphamide immunosuppressed broilers. Poultry science 96:1159-1166.‏
    12. De Antonio J, Fernandez-Alarcon MF, Lunedo R, Squassoni GH, Ferraz ALJ, Macari M, Furlan RL, Furlan LR (2017) Chronic heat stress and feed restriction affects carcass composition and the expression of genes involved in the control of fat deposition in broilers. The Journal of Agricultural Science 155:1487-1496.‏
    13. Demir E, Sarica S, Sekeroglu A, Ozcan MA, Seker Y (2004) Effects of early and late feed restriction or feed withdrawal on growth performance, ascites and blood constituents of broiler chickens. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A-Animal Science 54:152-158.‏
    14. Duncan DB (1955) Multiple ranges and multiple F-test. Biometric. 11:1-42.
    15. El-Dein AA, Soliman MM, El-Aziz SA (2013) Effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation on some productive, reproductive and immunological traits of Inshas chickens strain. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal 33:939-955.
    16. Faisal BA, Abdel-Fattah SA, El-Hommosany YM, Abdel-Gawad NM, Ali MF (2008) Immunocompetence, hepatic heat shock protein 70 and physiological responses to feed restriction and heat stress in two body weight lines of Japanese quail. International Journal of Poultry Science 7:174-183.‏
    17. Farghly MFA, Alagawany M, Abd El-Hack ME (2018) Feeding time can alleviate negative effects of heat stress on performance, meat quality and health status of turkey. British poultry science 59:205-210.‏
    18. Fouad AM, Chen W, Ruan D, Wang S, Xia WG, Zheng CT (2016) Impact of heat stress on meat, egg quality, immunity and fertility in poultry and nutritional factors That overcome these effects (a review). International Journal of Poultry Science 15:81-95.
    19. Gous RM, Morris TR (2005) Nutritional interventions in alleviating the effects of high temperatures in broiler production. World's Poultry Science Journal 61:463-475.
    20. Haq Z, Jain R, Mahajan A, Ganai IA, Khan N, Mudasir S (2018) Dietary supplementation of chromium yeast alone and in combination with antioxidants for designing broiler meat. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 6:766-770.
    21. Haq Z, Jain RK, Khan N, Dar MY, Ali S, Gupta M, Varun TK (2016) Recent advances in role of chromium and its antioxidant combinations in poultry nutrition (a review). Veterinary World 9:1392-1399.
    22. Ismail IB, Al-Busadah KA, El-Bahr SM (2013) Oxidative stress biomarkers and biochemical profile in broilers chicken fed zinc bacitracin and ascorbic acid under hot climate. American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 3:202-214.‏
    23. Jahanpour H, Seidavi A, Qotbi AAA, Van Den Hoven R, Rocha e Silva S, Laudadio V, Tufarelli V (2015) Effects of the level and duration of feeding restriction on carcass components of broilers. Archives Animal Breeding 58:99-105.‏
    24. Julian RJ (2000) Physiological, management and environmental triggers of the ascites syndrome (a review). Avian Pathological 29:519-527.
    25. Khan RU, Naz S, Nikousefat Z, Selvaggi M, Laudadio V, Tufarelli V (2012) Effect of ascorbic acid in heat-stressed poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal 68:477-490.‏
    26. Khan RU, Naz S, Nikousefat Z, Tufarelli V, Javdani M, Rana N, Laudadio V (2011) Effect of vitamin E in heat-stressed poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal 67:469-478.‏
    27. Klasing KC (1998) Comparative avian nutrition. New York (USA): Cab International Press.
    28. Kumbhar S, Khan AZ, Parveen F, Nizamani ZA, Siyal FA, El-Hack MEA, Gan F, Liu Y, Hamid M, Nido SA, Huang K (2018) Impacts of selenium and vitamin E supplementation on mRNA of heat shock proteins, selenoproteins and antioxidants in broilers exposed to high temperature. AMB Express 8:112.‏
    29. Lara LJ, Rostagno MH (2013) Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production (a review). Animals, 3:356–369.
    30. National Research Council (1994) Nutrient requirements of poultry. 9th revised edition. National Academic Press, Washington, DC, USA.
    31. Naz S, Idris M, Khalique MA, Zia-Ur-Rahman, Alhidary IA, Abdelrahman MM, Khan RU, Chand N, Farooq U, Ahmad S (2016) The activity and use of zinc in poultry diets. World's Poultry Science Journal 72:59-167.
    32. Papadopoulou A, Petrotos K, Stagos D, Gerasopoulos K, Maimaris A, Makris H, Kafantaris I, Makri S, Kerasioti E, Halabalaki M, Brieudes V, Ntasi G, Kokkas S, Tzimas P, Goulas P, Zakharenko AM, Golokhvast KS, Tsatsakis A, Kouretas D (2017) Enhancement of antioxidant mechanisms and reduction of oxidative stress in chickens after the administration of drinking water enriched with polyphenolic powder from olive mill waste waters. Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity 2017.‏
    33. Raederstorff D, Wyss A, Calder PC, Weber P, Eggersdorfer M (2015) Vitamin E function and requirements in relation to PUFA. British Journal of Nutrition 114:1113-1122.‏
    34. Rajman M, Juráni M, Lamošová D, Máčajová M, Sedlačková M, Košťál L, Ježová D, Výboh P, Výboh P (2006) The effects of feed restriction on plasma biochemistry in growing meat type chickens (Gallus gallus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 145:363-371.‏
    35. Rehman ZU, Che L, Ren S, Liao Y, Qiu X, Yu S, Sun Y, Tana L, Song C, Liu W, Ding Z, Munir M, Nair V, Meng C, Ding C (2018) Supplementation of vitamin e protects chickens from Newcastle disease virus-mediated exacerbation of intestinal oxidative stress and tissue damage. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 47:1655-1666.‏
    36. Saber SN, Maheri-Sis N, Shaddel-Telli A, Hatefinezhad K, Gorbani A, Yousefi J (2011) Effect of feed restriction on growth performance of broiler chickens. Annals of Biological Research 2: 247-252.‏
    37. Sahin N, Hayirli A, Orhan C, Tuzcu M, Akdemir F, Komorowski JR, Sahin K (2017) Effects of the supplemental chromium form on performance and oxidative stress in broilers exposed to heat stress. Poultry science 96:4317-4324.‏
    38. Sahraei M (2012) Feed restriction in broiler chickens production (a review). Global Veterinaria 8:449-458.
    39. SAS Institute (2003). SAS User's Guide: Statistics, SAS Institute version 9.3.1. Cary, NC, USA.
    40. Shamma TA, Khalifa HH, El-Shafei AA, Abo-Gabal MS (2014) Mitigating Heat Stress in Broilers: 1- Effect of Feed Restriction and Early Heat Acclimation on Productive Performance. Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences 4:967-982.
    41. Syafwan S, Kwakkel RP, Verstegen MWA (2011) Heat stress and feeding strategies in meat-type chickens. World's Poultry Science Journal 67:653-674.
    42. Tan GY, Yang L, Fu YQ, Feng JH, Zhang MH (2010) Effects of different acute high ambient temperatures on function of hepatic mitochondrial respiration, antioxidative enzymes, and oxidative injury in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 89:115-22.
    43. Tawfeek SS, Hassanin KMA, Youssef IMI (2014) The effect of dietary supplementation of some antioxidants on performance, oxidative stress, and blood parameters in broilers under natural summer conditions. Journal World's Poultry Research 4:10-19.‏
    44. Vincent JB (2000) Quest for the molecular mechanism of chromium action and its relationship to diabetes. Nutrition reviews 58:67-72.
    45. Yang X, Zhuang J, Rao K, Li X, Zhao R (2010) Effect of early feed restriction on hepatic lipid metabolism and expression of lipogenic genes in broiler chickens. Research in veterinary science 89:438-1444.
    46. Zhang ZY, Jia GQ, Zuo JJ, Zhang Y, Lei J, Ren L, Feng DY (2012) Effects of constant and cyclic heat stress on muscle metabolism and meat quality of broiler breast fillet and thigh meat. Poultry science 91:2931-2937.‏
    47. Zhu YW, Li WX, Lu L, Zhang LY, Ji C, Lin X, Liu HC, Odle J, Luo XJ (2017) Impact of maternal heat stress in conjunction with dietary zinc supplementation on hatchability, embryonic development, and growth performance in offspring broilers. Poultry Science 96:2351-2359.
    48. Zulkifli I, Che Norma MT, Israf DA, Omar AR (2000) The effect of early age feed restriction on subsequent response to high environmental temperatures in female broiler chickens. Poultry Science 79:1401-1407.‏

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2019 Malque Publishing

How to cite

Mohamed, A. S. A., Lozovskiy, A. R., & Ali, A. M. A. (2019). Nutritional strategies to alleviate heat stress effects through feed restrictions and feed additives (vitamins and minerals) in broilers under summer conditions. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology, 7(3), 123–131. https://doi.org/10.31893/2318-1265jabb.v7n3p123-131
  • Article viewed - 4
  • PDF downloaded - 7