• Abstract

    The present study aimed to determine variations in the body surface temperature (TS) of quails by infrared thermography. The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Biometeorology and Animal Welfare, campus Mossoró/RN, Brazil. Ten adult quails were used, males and females, in a controlled environment. The air temperature (TA) was divided into three classes (CT): CT 1 (TA < 18 °C); CT 2 (18  TA < 22 °C) CT 3 (TA  22 °C). The cloacal temperature (TC) was measured. The TS was measured in three regions (legs, face and feathered region). The analysis of variance for TS revealed a significant effect of the body region, CT and interaction between body region and CT. The region of the face presented TS (33.68 °C) higher than the area covered by feathers (24.73 °C) and the region of the legs (24.68 °C). The region of legs was the one that suffered the greatest variation in TS. Thus, it is concluded that Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) have a difference in the body surface temperature according to the body region.

  • References

    1. Case LA, Wood BJ, Miller SP (2012) Investigation of body surface temperature measured with infrared imaging and its correlation with feed efficiency in the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Journal of Thermal Biology 37:397-401.
    2. Dahlke F, Gonzales E, Gadelha AC, Maiorka A, Borges SA, Rosa PS, Filho DEF, Furlan RL (2005) Feathering, triiodothyronine and thyroxineplasma levels and body temperature of two broiler lines raised under different temperatures. Ciência Rural 35:664-670.
    3. Littell RC, Freund RJ, Spector PC (1991) SAS System for Linear Models. 3. ed. Cary, SAS Institute Inc.
    4. Malavazzi G (1989) Avicultura: manual prático. NBL Editora.
    5. Mauck B, Bilgmann K, Jones DD, Eysel U, Dehnhardt G (2003) Thermal windows on the trunk of hauled-out seals: hot spots for thermoregulatory evaporation. Journal of Experimental Biology 206:1727-1738.
    6. Nääs IA, Romanini CEB, Neves DP (2010) Broiler surface temperature distribution of 42 day old chickens. Sci Agric 67:497- 502.
    7. Rodrigues E (2006) Fisiologia da homeotermia. Disponível em: http://www.ufrrj/institutos/it/dau/profs/edmundo > Acessado em: 10 de julho de 2013.
    8. Schmidt-nielsen K (1999) Fisiologia animal: adaptação e meio ambiente. São Paulo, Santos.
    9. Shinder D, Rusal M, Tanny J, Druyan S, Yahav S (2007) Thermoregulatory responses of chicks (Gallus domesticus) to low ambient temperatures at an early age. Poultry Science 86:2200- 2209.
    10. Silva RG (2008) Biofísica ambiental: os animais e seu ambiente. Funep, Jaboticabal.
    11. Souza Jr JBF, Arruda AMV, Domingos HGT, Costa LLM (2013) Regional differences in the surface temperature of Naked Neck laying hens in a semi-arid environment. Int J Biometeorol 57:377- 380.
    12. Šumbera R, Zelová J, Kunc P, Knížková I, Burda H (2007) Patterns of surface temperatures in two mole-rats (Bathyergidae) with different social systems as revealed by IR-thermography. Physiology & Behavior 92: 526-532.
    13. Tattersall GJ, Andrade DV, Abe AG (2009) Heat exchange from the toucanbill reveals a controllable vascular thermal radiator. Science 325:468-470.
    14. Vercese F (2010) Efeito da temperatura sobre o desempenho e a qualidade dos ovos de codornas japonesas. Dissertação Mestrado em Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São Paulo.
    15. Weissenböck NM, Weiss CM, Schwammer HM, Kratochvil H (2010) Thermal windows on the body surface of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) studied by infrared thermography. Journal of Thermal Biology 35:182-188.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology

How to cite

Souza-Junior, J. B. F., de Queiroz, J. P. A. F., Domingos, H. G. T., Torquato, J. L., de Sá Filho, G. F., & Costa, L. L. de M. (2013). Thermography evaluation of japanese quails (<em>Coturnix coturnix japonica</em>). Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology, 1(2), 61–64. https://doi.org/10.14269/2318-1265.v01n02a05
  • Article viewed - 59
  • PDF downloaded - 19