Foraging efforts and behaviour of the European Turtle doves (Streptopelia turtur) during the breeding season

Authors

  • Ismail Mansouri Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, po.box 2202 –Imouzzer street, Fez, Morocco. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3679-6050
  • Abderahim El Hassani Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, po.box 2202 –Imouzzer street, Fez, Morocco.
  • Abdelbari El Agy Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, po.box 2202 –Imouzzer street, Fez, Morocco. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7042-5114
  • Wafae Squalli Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, po.box 2202 –Imouzzer street, Fez, Morocco. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5480-8617
  • Mohamed Mounir Laboratory of Biotechnology and Valorisation of phytogénétics Ressources, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, Sultan Moulay Sliman university, Beni mellal, Morocco. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1504-6170
  • Abdellah Markou Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, po.box 2202 –Imouzzer street, Fez, Morocco. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4013-3516
  • Karima Es Salai Laboratory of environment, ecology and health, Faculty of Science, Moulay Ismail University, BP 4010, Beni M'hamed, Meknès, Morocco. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0351-7948
  • Lahcen El Ghadraoui Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, po.box 2202 –Imouzzer street, Fez, Morocco
  • Mohamed Dakki Laboratory of Geo-biodiversity and Natural Heritage, Scientific Institute, Mohammed V University, Av. Ibn Battota, 10 BP 703, Rabat, Morocco.

Keywords:

breeding season, feeding rates, Morocco, Turtle dove

Abstract

During the breeding season, many avian species face spatial and seasonal variation in the availability of food resources required to rear chicks. Reduction of food abundance is often identified as the most important factor determining population trends and breeding success in bird species, such as the vulnerable European Turtle dove Streptopelia turtur. During the breeding periods, the increase of food requirements in chicks should increase foraging effort to maintain the amount of food required for optimal chick development. To investigate the feeding effort of Turtle doves during the breeding season, we monitored foraging and drinking rates, in different wild habitats and farmlands, from March to September 2016-2017 in Midelt, Morocco. Similarly, breeding chronology, including nesting, laying, and chicks' fledging, were monitored in the same habitats to evaluate the correlation between breeding efforts and foraging rates. We found that Turtle doves feed actively from the arrival to departure dates. Foraging activities were intense during breeding phases, mainly laying and chicks' growth periods. Equally, Doves feed intensively during the end of the breeding season before migration departures. Besides, Doves feed actively during the morning and evening to avoid the hottest periods as a strategy to save metabolic water.

Foraging and breeding habitats of Turtle doves at Oukhaja, in Midelt Province (Morocco) during breeding season 2016-2017.

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Published

2021-04-30

How to Cite

Mansouri, I., El Hassani, A., El Agy, A., Squalli, W., Mounir, M., Markou, A., Es Salai, K., El Ghadraoui, L., & Dakki, M. (2021). Foraging efforts and behaviour of the European Turtle doves (<em>Streptopelia turtur</em>) during the breeding season. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology, 9(3), 2128. Retrieved from https://malque.pub/ojs/index.php/jabb/article/view/6

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Section

Research Article