• Abstract

    Artificial light, as one of the environmental factors, plays a significant role in regulating the synthesis and secretion of hormones related to the coordination of parameters of life, growth, immunity, and reproductive functions of hens. The article aims to study the influence of monochrome light with different wavelengths on the biochemical parameters of hens` blood serum. Four groups of "Hy-Line W-36" crossbred hens were formed. Hens of the 1st group were kept using monochrome light with different wavelength lamps with a wavelength of ~ 460 nm, the 2nd group ~ 600 nm, the 3rd group ~ 630 nm, and the 4th group ~ 650 nm. It was found that the use of light with different wavelengths for keeping hens in cages of multilevel batteries affects hen' biochemical parameters, according to the research results. It was established that when using light with a wavelength of ~ 630 and ~ 650 nm, the indicators of clinical biochemistry of hens' blood serum were within the normal physiological values. Whereas, with the use of light with a wavelength of ~ 600 nm, an increase in the level of glucose, creatinine, total protein, total bilirubin, and phosphorus, a decrease in the ratio of calcium to phosphorus, in the activity of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase, were observed in the hens’ blood serum. The use of light with a wavelength of ~ 460 nm was accompanied by a further increase in the level of glucose, creatinine, total protein, urea, total bilirubin, phosphorus, the activity of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and gamma-glutamyltransferase, a decrease in the ratio of calcium and phosphorus.

  • References

    1. Abo Ghanima MM, AbdEl-Hack ME, Taha AE, Tufarelli V, Laudadio V, Naiel MA (2020) Assessment of Stocking Rate and Housing System on Performance, Carcass Traits, Blood Indices, and Meat Quality of French Pekin Ducks. Agriculture 10:273. doi: 10.3390/agriculture10070273
    2. Archer GS (2019) How does red light affect layer production, fear, and stress. Poultry Science 98:3–8. doi: 10.3382/ps/pey302
    3. Barros JSG, Barros TDS, Sartor K, Raimundo JA, Rossi LA (2020) The effect of linear lighting systems on the productive performance and egg quality of laying hens. Poultry Science 99:1369–1378. doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2019.11.007
    4. Baxter M, Joseph N, Osborne VR, Bédécarrats GY (2014) Red light is necessary to activate the reproductive axis in chickens independently of the retina of the eye. Poultry Science 93:1289–1297. doi: 10.3382/ps.2013-03799
    5. Benoit (1964) The Role of the Eye and of the Hypothalamus in the Photostimulation of Gonads in the Duck. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 117:204–215. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1964.tb48175.x
    6. Borille R, Garcia RG, Nааs IA, Caldara RF, Santana MR (2015) Monochromatic lightemitting diode (LED) source in layers hens during the second production cycle. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 19:877–881. doi: 10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v19n9p877-881
    7. Bowmaker JK, Heath L, Wilkie S, Hunt D (1997) Visual Pigments and Oil Droplets from Six Classes of Photoreceptor in the Retinas of Birds. Vision Research 37:2183–2194. doi: 10.1016/S0042-6989(97)00026-6
    8. Çapar AH, Onbaşılar EE (2018) Light wavelength on different poultry species. World's Poultry Science Journal 74:79–88. doi: 10.1017/S0043933917001076
    9. Ciccone N, Dunn I, Boswell T, Tsutsui K, Ubuka T, Ukena K, Sharp P (2004) Gonadotrophin Inhibitory Hormone Depresses Gonadotrophin α and Follicle-stimulating Hormone β Subunit Expression in the Pituitary of the Domestic Chicken. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 16:999–1006. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2826.2005.01260.x.
    10. Dunn I, Ciccone N, Joseph N (2009) Endocrinology and Genetics of the Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal Axis. Biology of Breeding Poultry 29:61–88.
    11. El-Sabrout K, Aggag S, Mishra B (2022) Advanced Practical Strategies to Enhance Table Egg Production. Scientifica 1393392:17.
    12. Environment on the Immune System in Chickens: A Review. Animals: an open access journal from MDPI 10:1138. doi: 10.3390/ani10071138
    13. Er D, Wang Z, Cao J, Chen Y (2007) Effect of monochromatic light on the egg quality of laying hens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 16:605–612. doi: 10.3382/japr.2006-00096
    14. Etches R (1996) Reproduction in Poultry. 1st ed. UK: CAB International Oxford 71–166.
    15. Everds NE, Snyder PW, Bailey KL, Bolon B, Creasy DM, Foley GL, Rosol TJ, Sellers T (2013) Interpreting stress responses during routine toxicity studies: a review of the biology, impact, and assessment. Toxicologic Pathology 41:560–614. doi: 10.1177/0192623312466452
    16. Faluhelyi N, Csernus V (2007) The effects of environmental illumination on the in vitro melatonin secretion from the embryonic and adult chicken pineal gland. General and Comparative Endocrinology 152:154–158.
    17. Fernandes AM, de Lucca Sartori D, de Oliveira Morais FJ, Salgado DD, Pereira DF (2021) Analysis of Cluster and Unrest Behaviors of Laying Hens Housed under Different Thermal Conditions and Light Wave Length. Animals (Basel) 11:7. doi: 10.3390/ani11072017
    18. Foster R, Follett B (1985) The Involvement of a Rhodopsin-like Photopigment in the Photoperiodic Response of the Japanese Quail. Journal of Comparative Physiology 157:519–528. doi: 10.1007/BF00615153.
    19. Gehad AE, Mehaisen GM, Abbas AO, Mashaly MM (2008) The Role of Light Program and Melatonin on Alleviation of Inflammation Induced by Lipopolysaccharide Injection in Broiler Chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science 7:193–201. doi: 10.3923/ijps.2008.193.201
    20. Guide to the content of the final hybrid Hy-Line W-36 (2019) https://www.hyline.com/userdocs/pages/36_COM_RUS.pdf. Accessed on: June 12, 2020
    21. Gupta SK, Behera K, Pradhan CR, Acharya AP, Sethy K, Behera D, Lone1 SA, Shinde KP (2017) Influence of stocking density on the performance, carcass characteristics,hemat-biochemical indices of Vanaraja chickens. Indian Journal of Animal Research 51:939–943. doi: 10.18805/ijar.10989
    22. Hassan MR, Sultana S, Choe HS, Ryu KS (2013) Effect of monochromatic and combined light colour on performance, blood parameters, ovarian morphology and reproductive hormones in laying hens. Italian Journal of Animal Science 12:359–364. doi: 10.4081/ijas.2013.e56
    23. Hofmann T, Schmucker SS, Bessei W, Grashorn M, Stefanski V (2020) Impact of Housing Environment on the Immune System in Chickens: A Review. Animals 10:1138. doi: 10.3390/ani10071138
    24. Hofmann T, Schmucker S, Grashorn M, Stefanski V (2021) Short- and long-term consequences of stocking density during rearing on the immune system and welfare of laying hens. Poultry Science 100:101243.
    25. House GM, Sobotik EB, Nelson JR, Archer GS (2020) Effect of the addition of ultraviolet light on broiler growth, fear, and stress response. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 29:402–408. doi: 10.1016/j.japr.2020.01.003
    26. Huber-Eicher B, Suter A, Spring-Stähli P (2013) Effects of Colored Light-emitting Diode Illumination on Behavior and Performance of Laying Hens. Poultry Science 92:869–873. doi: 10.3382/ps.2012-02679
    27. Johnston JD (2005) Measuring seasonal time within the circadian system: regulation of the suprachiasmatic nuclei by photoperiod. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 17:459–65. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2826.2005.01326.x
    28. Kaplan A, Glucose K (1984) ClinChem. The CV Mosby Co., St Louis, Toronto, Princeton, 436 p.
    29. Khaliq T, Khan AA, Hamadani H, Shafi M, Banday MT (2017) Effect of different colours of light on growth performance of broilers. Indian Journal Poultry Science 52:128–130. doi: 10.5455/ijlr.20170405050149
    30. Kim MJ, Choi HC, Suh OS (2010) A study of different sources and wavelengths of light on laying egg characteristics in laying hens. Korean Journal of Poultry Science 37:383–388. doi: 10.5536/kjps.2010.37.4.383
    31. Kraus A, Zita L, Krunt O, Härtlová H, Chmelíková E (2021) Determination of selected biochemical parameters in blood serum and egg quality of Czech and Slovak native hens depending on the housing system and hen age. Poultry Science 100:1142–1153. doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.1 478.
    32. Kumar V, Rani S (1999) Light Sensitivity of the Photoperiodic Response System in Higher Vertebrates: Wavelength and Intensity Effects. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 37:1053–1064.
    33. Li G, Li B, Zhao Y, Shi Z, Liu Y, Zheng W (2019) Layer pullet preferences for light colors of light-emitting diodes. Animal 13:1245–1251. doi: 10.1017/S1751731118002537
    34. Li DY, Wu N, Tu JB, Hu YD, Yang MY, Yin HD, Chen BL, Xu HL, Yao YF, Zhu Q (2015) Expression patterns of melatonin receptors in chicken ovarian follicles affected by monochromatic light. Genetics and Molecular Research 14:10072–10080. doi: 10.4238/2015.August.21.14
    35. Ma S, Wang Z, Cao J, Dong Y, Chen Y (2018) Effect of Monochromatic Light on Circadian Rhythm of Clock Genes in Chick Pinealocytes. Journal of Photochemistry 94:1263–1272. doi: 10.1111/php.12963
    36. Mert NI, Yildirim BA (2016) Biochemical Parameters and Histopathological Findings in the Forced Molt Laying Hens. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 18:711–718. doi: 10.1590/1806-9061-2015-0032
    37. Mobarkey N, Avital N, Heiblum R, Rozenboim I (2010) The role of retinal and extra-retinal photostimulation in reproductive activity in broiler breeder hens. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 38:235–243.
    38. Mudhar AS, Tabeekh A (2016) The effect of color light and stocking density on some enzymes and hormones of broilers and layers. Mirror of Research in Veterinary Sciences and Animals 5:25–37.
    39. Murry R (1984) Alanine aminotransferase. Clin. Chem. Toronto. Princeton 1117-1121.
    40. Murry R (1984) Aspartate aminotransferase. Clin. Chem. Toronto. Princeton. 1112-1116.
    41. Murry RL (1984) Creatinine. Clin. Chem. Toronto Princeton. 1261-1266.
    42. Nasonov IV, Buyko NV, Lizun RP, Volyihina VE, Zaharik NV, Yakubovskiy SM (2014) Methodical recommendations on haematological and biochemical researches for the chickens of modern cross-country races. «Institut eksperimentalnoy veterinarii im. S.N. Vyishelesskogo», Minsk.
    43. Onbaşılar Ebru E, Erdem E, Ünal N, Tunç AS, Kocakaya A, Yaranoğlu B (2016) Comparison of liver and bone health of two laying hen strains kept in different cage systems. European Poultry Science 80.
    44. Osadcha YV, Sakhatsky MI, Kulibaba RO (2021) Serum clinical biochemical markers of Hy-Line W-36 laying hens under the influence of increased stocking densities in cages of multilevel batteries. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems 12:425–429. doi: 10.15421/022158
    45. Ottinger MA, Bakst MR (1995) Endocrinology of the Avian Reproductive System. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 4:242–250.
    46. Pang SF, Ralph C, Reilly DP (1974) Melatonin in the Chicken Brain: Its Origin, Diurnal Variation, and Regional Distribution. General and Comparative Endocrinology 22:499–506. doi: 10.1016/0016-6480(74)90026-4
    47. Pattison P.M., Hansen M., Tsao J.Y. (2018). LED lighting efficacy: Status and directions. Comptes Rendus Physique 19:134-145.
    48. Park B-S, Um K-H, Park S-O, Zammit VA (2018) Effect of stocking density on behavioral traits, blood biochemical parameters and immune responses in meat ducks exposed to heat stress. Archives Animal Breeding 61:425–432. doi: 10.5194/aab-61-425-2018
    49. Perry G (2004) Lighting. Welfare of the Laying Hen. Oxfordshire: CABI Publishing 448 р.
    50. Pineda R, Garcia-Galiano D, Sanchez-Garrido MA, Romero M, Ruiz-Pino F, Aguilar E (2010) Characterization of the potent gonadotropin-releasing activity of RF9, a selective antagonist of RF-amide-related peptides and neuropeptide FF receptors: physiological and pharmacological implications. Endocrinology 151:1902–1913. doi: 10.1210/en.2009-1259
    51. Prescott N, Wathes C (1999) Spectral Sensitivity of the Domestic Fowl (Gallus G. Domesticus). British Poultry Science 40:332–339.
    52. Rangel P, Gutierrez C (2014) Reproduction in Hens: Is Testosterone Necessary for the Ovulatory Process? General and Comparative Endocrinology 203:250–261. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2014.03.040
    53. Renema RA, Robinson FE, Feddes JJR, Fasenko GM, Zuidhof MJ (2001) Effects of light intensity from photostimulation in four strains of commercial egg layers: 2. Egg production parameters. Poultry science 80:1121–1131. doi: 10.1093/ps/80.8.1121
    54. Sainz RM, Mayo JC, Reiter RJ, Antolin I, Esteban MM, Rodriguez C (1999) Melatonin regulates glucocorticoid receptor: An answer to its antiapoptotic action in thymus. FASEB Journal 13:1547–1556.
    55. Sakhatsky M, Osadcha Yu, Kuchmistov V (2020) Reaction of the reproductive system of hens to the chronic stressor. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology 10:6–11. doi: 10.15421/2020_159
    56. Sandercock DA, Hunter RR, Mitchell MA, Hocking PM (2006) Thermoregulatory capacity and muscle membrane integrity are compromised in broilers compared with layers at the same age or body weight. British Poultry Science 47:322–329.
    57. Sayin Y, Kaplan O, Karaduman E, Haqyar DM, Narinç D (2022) The effect of monochromatic, combined, and mixed light-emitting diode light regimes on growth traits, fear responses and slaughter-carcass characteristics in broiler chickens. Research Square 4:1–19. doi: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-1448612/v1
    58. Senaratna D, Samarakone TS, Gunawardena W (2015) Red color light at different intensities affects the performance, behavioral activities and welfare of broilers. Asian Australas Journal Animal Science 29:1052–1059. doi: 10.5713/ajas.15.0757
    59. Shi H, Li B, Tong Q, Zheng W, Zeng D, Feng G (2019) Effects of LED Light Color and Intensity on Feather Pecking and Fear Responses of Layer Breeders in Natural Mating Colony Cages. Animals 9:814. doi: 10.3390/ani9100814
    60. Singh SS, Yadav SK, Haldar C (2010) Effect of Glucocorticoid and Melatonin on Immune Function of an Indian Tropical Bird, Perdicula Asiatica: An in Vivo and in Vitro Study. European Journal of Inflammation 8:89–97. doi: 10.1177/1721727X1000800206
    61. Sobotik EB, Nelson JR, Archer GS (2020) How does ultraviolet light affect layer production, fear, and stress. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 223:104926.
    62. Soliman FNK, El-Sabrout K (2020) Light wavelengths/colors: Future prospects for broiler behavior and production. Journal of Veterinary Behavior 36:34–39. doi: 10.1016/j.jveb.2019.10.014
    63. Sultana S, Hassan MR, Choe HS, Kang MI, Ryu KS (2013) Effect of various LED light color on the behavior and stress response of laying hens. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 83:829–833.
    64. Svobodova J, Tumova E, Popelarova E, Chodova D (2015) Effect of light colour on egg production and egg contamination. Czech Journal of Animal Science 60:550–556. doi: 10.17221/8597-CJAS
    65. Tsutsui K. Bentley GE, Bedecarrats G, Osugi T, Ubuka T, Kriegsfeld LJ (2010) Gonadotropin-inhibitory Hormone (Gnih) and Its Control of Central and Peripheral Reproductive Function. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology 31:284–295. doi: 10.1016/j.yfrne.2010.03.001.
    66. Ubuka T, Bentley GE, Ukena K, Wingfield JC, Tsutsui K (2005) Melatonin Induces the Expression of Gonadotropin-inhibitory Hormone in the Avian Brain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102:3052–3057. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0403840102
    67. Wang Y (2022) Chapter 29 – Overviews of avian neuropeptides and peptides. Editor(s): Colin G. Scanes, Sami Dridi, Sturkie's Avian Physiology (Seventh Edition), Academic Press 717–757. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-819770-7.00046-3
    68. Wei Y, Zheng W, Tong Q, Li Z, Li B, Shi H, Wang Y (2022) Effects of blue-green LED lights with two perceived illuminance (human and poultry) on immune performance and skeletal development of layer chickens. Poultry Science 101:101855. doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2022.101855
    69. Wu Y, Huang J, Quan S, Yang Y (2022) Light regimen on health and growth of broilers: an update review. Poultry Science 101:101545. doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2021.101545
    70. Wyk BV, Fraley G (2021) Ontogeny of OPN4, OPN5, GnRH and GnIH mRNA Expression in the Posthatch Male and Female Pekin Duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) Suggests OPN4 May Have Additional Functions beyond Reproduction. Animals 11:1121. doi: 10.3390/ani11041121
    71. Xie D, Wang ZX, Dong YL, Cao J, Wang JF, Chen JL, Chen YX (2008) Effects of monochromatic light on immune response of broilers. Poultry Science 87:1535–1539. doi: 10.3382/ps.2007-00317
    72. Yang Y, Yu Y, Pan J, Ying Y, Zhou H (2016)A new method to manipulate broiler chicken growth and metabolism: Response to mixed LED light system. Scientific Reports 6:25972. doi: 10.1038/srep25972
    73. Yenilmez LF, Saber SN, Serbester U, Celik L (2021) Effects of monochromatic light on performance, egg quality, yolk and blood biochemical profile of laying hens. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences 31:46–52. doi: 10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0191cholesterol
    74. Zhang X, Hongqing XU, Monan LI, Hongmei XU, Muqing LIU (2017) Effects of different monochromatic light of LED on the growth performance of Jinmao broilers and egg laying performance of Jinmao breeders. Journal of Science and Technology in Lighting 41:143–147. doi: 10.2150/JSTL.IEIJ160000592

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology

How to cite

Osadcha, Y., Sakhatsky, M., & Dzhus, P. (2023). Effect of monochrome light with different wavelengths on biochemical parameters of hens. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology, 11(2), 2023014. https://doi.org/10.31893/jabb.23014
  • Article viewed - 246
  • PDF downloaded - 125