Effects of an injectable mineral supplement on physiological responses and milk production of heat-stressed Holstein cows

Authors

  • Andrea D. del Río Avilés Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Abelardo Correa-Calderón Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Leonel Avendaño-Reyes Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Ulises Macías-Cruz Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Miguel A. Sánchez-Castro Colorado State University
  • Milton G. Thomas Colorado State University
  • R. Mark Enns Colorado State University
  • Scott E. Speidel Colorado State University
  • Ricardo Zamorano-Algandar Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • José C. Leyva-Corona Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • Carolina García-Benitez Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora
  • Pablo Luna-Nevárez Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31893/jabb.21016

Keywords:

dairy cattle, heat stress, milk yield, phosphorus, selenium

Abstract

Summer heat stress in northwest Mexico compromises the physiological thermoregulation capacity and productive performance of lactating Holstein cows, and supplementation of minerals appears to reduce the adverse impact of heat stress in cattle. The objective herein was to evaluate the effects of an injectable mineral supplement containing phosphorus, selenium, potassium, magnesium, and copper on physiological responses, milk production, and milk composition of Holstein cows exposed to heat stress. Sixteen cows were blocked by parity and assigned to one of two treatments (n= 8) using a randomized complete block design: 1) control cows and 2) mineral-treated cows. All cows were exposed to environmental heat stress conditions (i.e., temperature-humidity index = 79.4 ± 4.3 units). No study variable was affected (P ≥ 0.20) by the treatment x sampling day interaction. While the mineral supplement did not affect any physiological variable in the afternoon, this treatment decreased breaths per min (P = 0.01) and most body surface temperatures (P ≤ 0.06; head, shoulder, leg, right-flank, and udder) in the morning. There was no effect (P = 0.37) of the mineral supplementation on milk yield but increased (P ≤ 0.03) the percentages of solids non-fat, protein, lactose, and density in the milk. In conclusion, Holstein cows' physiological thermoregulation and milk composition experiencing summer heat stress were improved by applying an injectable mineral supplement.

Author Biographies

Andrea D. del Río Avilés, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Instituto de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, BC, México. 21705.

Abelardo Correa-Calderón, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Instituto de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, BC, México. 21705

Leonel Avendaño-Reyes, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

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Ulises Macías-Cruz, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Instituto de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, BC, México. 21705.

Miguel A. Sánchez-Castro, Colorado State University

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

Milton G. Thomas, Colorado State University

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

R. Mark Enns, Colorado State University

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

Scott E. Speidel, Colorado State University

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

Ricardo Zamorano-Algandar, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora

Departamento de Ciencias Agronómicas y Veterinarias, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.

Cd. Obregón, Sonora, México. 85000.

José C. Leyva-Corona, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora

Departamento de Ciencias Agronómicas y Veterinarias, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.

Cd. Obregón, Sonora, México. 85000.

Carolina García-Benitez, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora

Departamento de Ciencias Agronómicas y Veterinarias, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.

Cd. Obregón, Sonora, México. 85000.

Pablo Luna-Nevárez, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora

Departamento de Ciencias Agronómicas y Veterinarias, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora.

Cd. Obregón, Sonora, México. 85000.

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Published

2021-09-20

How to Cite

del Río Avilés, A. D., Correa-Calderón, A., Avendaño-Reyes, L., Macías-Cruz, U., Sánchez-Castro, M. A., Thomas, M. G., Enns, R. M., Speidel, S. E., Zamorano-Algandar, R., Leyva-Corona, J. C., García-Benitez, C., & Luna-Nevárez, P. (2021). Effects of an injectable mineral supplement on physiological responses and milk production of heat-stressed Holstein cows. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology, 9(4), 2116. https://doi.org/10.31893/jabb.21016

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Research Article